To the Members of
Magadh Sugar & Energy Limited
Report on the Audit of the Financial Statements Opinion
We have audited the accompanying financial statements of Magadh Sugar & EnergyLimited ("the Company") which comprise the Balance sheet as at March 31 2019the Statement of Profit and Loss including the statement of Other Comprehensive Incomethe Cash Flow Statement and the Statement of Changes in Equity for the year then endedand notes to the financial statements including a summary of significant accountingpolicies and other explanatory information.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanationsgiven to us the aforesaid financial statements give the information required by theCompanies Act 2013 ("the Act") in the manner so required and give a true andfair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India of thestate of affairs of the Company as at March 312019 its profit including othercomprehensive income its cash flows and the changes in equity for the year ended on thatdate.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit of the financial statements in accordance with the Standards onAuditing (SAs) as specified under section 143(10) of the Act. Our responsibilities underthose Standards are further described in the 'Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit ofthe Financial Statements' section of our report. We are independent of the Company inaccordance with the 'Code of Ethics' issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants ofIndia together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of thefinancial statements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules there under and wehave fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirementsand the Code of Ethics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficientand appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion on the financial statements.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that in our professional judgment were of mostsignificance in our audit of the financial statements for the financial year ended March31 2019. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financialstatements as a whole and in forming our opinion thereon and we do not provide aseparate opinion on these matters. For each matter below our description of how our auditaddressed the matter is provided in that context.
We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit matters to becommunicated in our report. We have fulfilled the responsibilities described in theAuditor's responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements section of ourreport including in relation to these matters. Accordingly our audit included theperformance of procedures designed to respond to our assessment of the risks of materialmisstatement of the financial statements. The results of our audit procedures includingthe procedures performed to address the matters below provide the basis for our auditopinion on the accompanying financial statements.
|Key audit matters ||How our audit addressed the key audit matter |
|(a) Determination of net realizable value of inventory of Sugar as at the year ended March 312019 (Refer note 3.7 and 8 of the financial statements) ||Our audit procedures included among others |
|The inventory of Sugar is valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value ('NRV'). As on March 312019 the Company has inventory of Sugar with the carrying value of Rs. 60096 lacs. || Considering the appropriateness of the Company's accounting policies relating to the valuation of finished goods of sugar and assessing the compliance with the applicable accounting standards. Testing the effectiveness of the Company's control over calculation of cost of finished goods for each sugar unit and estimation of corresponding NRV. |
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|The Sugar industry being seasonal in nature the assessment of carrying value at each reporting date involves ascertainment of cost incurred till that reporting period for each Sugar Unit and estimation of corresponding NRV. || We considered various factors including the actual selling price prevailing around and subsequent to the year end minimum selling price & monthly quota and other notifications of the Government of India initiative taken by the Government with respect to sugar industry as a whole. |
|We considered this to be a key audit matter given the relative size of the balance in the financial statements and significant judgment involved in the consideration of factors such as minimum selling price monthly quota fluctuation in selling prices and the related notification of the Government in determination of net realizable value. ||Based on the above procedures performed we concluded that management's process for determination of NRV and comparing that with cost of inventory of sugar is considered to be reasonable. |
|Accounting for Government Grants (Refer note 40 and 44 of the financial statements) || |
|The Central Government have issued various notifications for assistance to sugar units inter alia export of sugar along with compliance of other conditions to be eligible to get certain government grants for offsetting the cost of cane crushed and to facilitate payment of farmers' dues for sugar season 2017-18 and 2018-19. ||Our audit procedures included among others |
| || Evaluating eligibility requirements of schemes issued by the Central Government. |
| || Understanding and testing the design and operating effectiveness of controls as established by the management in recognition and assessment of the recoverability of the grant. Considering the relevant notifications to ascertain the basis for determination completion of performance obligation and assessing the appropriateness of the management estimates for accounting of government grant and timing of recognition. |
|We determined this to be a matter of significance to our audit due to the quantum of the government grant compliance requirements of the schemes appropriateness of timing of recognition of grant income and also because these are subject to significant judgment of the management. ||Based on the above procedures performed we concluded that income from grant has been appropriately accounted for. |
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The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the other information. The otherinformation comprises the information included in the Annual report but does not includethe financial statements and our auditor's report thereon.
Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we donot express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the financial statements our responsibility is to readthe other information and in doing so consider whether the other information ismaterially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in theaudit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If based on the work we haveperformed we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information weare required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
Responsibilities of Management and those charged with governance for the FinancialStatements
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in section134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these financial statements that givea true and fair view of the financial position financial performance including othercomprehensive income cash flows and changes in equity of the Company in accordance withthe accounting principles generally accepted in India including the Indian AccountingStandards (Ind AS) specified under section 133 of the Act read with the Companies (IndianAccounting Standards) Rules 2015 as amended. This responsibility also includesmaintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions of the Actfor safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detecting frauds andother irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accounting policies; makingjudgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and the design implementationand maintenance of adequate internal financial controls that were operating effectivelyfor ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accounting records relevant to thepreparation and presentation of the financial statements that give a true and fair viewand are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements management is responsible for assessing theCompany's ability to continue as a going concern disclosing as applicable mattersrelated to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless managementeither intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations or has no realisticalternative but to do so.
Those Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Company's financialreporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financialstatements as a whole are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud or errorand to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a highlevel of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with SAswill always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise fromfraud or error and are considered material if individually or in the aggregate theycould reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on thebasis of these financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs we exercise professional judgment andmaintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financialstatements whether due to fraud or error design and perform audit procedures responsiveto those risks and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide abasis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting fromfraud is higher than for one resulting from error as fraud may involve collusionforgery intentional omissions misrepresentations or the override of internal control.
Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order todesign audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)(i)of the Act we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether the Company hasadequate internal financial controls system in place and the operating effectiveness ofsuch controls.
Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonablenessof accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basisof accounting and based on the audit evidence obtained whether a material uncertaintyexists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company'sability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty existswe are required to draw attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures inthe financial statements or if such disclosures are inadequate to modify our opinion.Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor'sreport. However future events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue asa going concern.
Evaluate the overall presentation structure and content of the financialstatements including the disclosures and whether the financial statements represent theunderlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
Materiality is the magnitude of misstatements in the financial statements thatindividually or in aggregate makes it probable that the economic decisions of areasonably knowledgeable user of the financial statements may be influenced. We considerquantitative materiality and qualitative factors in (i) planning the scope of our auditwork and in evaluating the results of our work; and (ii) to evaluate the effect of anyidentified misstatements in the financial statements.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding among other matters theplanned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings including anysignificant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have compliedwith relevant ethical requirements regarding independence and to communicate with themall relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on ourindependence and where applicable related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance we determine thosematters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements for thefinancial year ended March 312019 and are therefore the key audit matters. We describethese matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosureabout the matter or when in extremely rare circumstances we determine that a mattershould not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing sowould reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of suchcommunication.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
1. As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order 2016 ("the Order")issued by the Central Government of India in terms of subsection (11) of section 143 ofthe Act we give in the "Annexure 1"a statement on the matters specified inparagraphs 3 and 4 of the Order to the extent applicable.
2. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act we report that:
(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the bestof our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit;
(b) In our opinion proper books of account as required by law have been kept by theCompany so far as it appears from our examination of those books;
(c) The Balance Sheet the Statement of Profit and Loss including the Statement ofOther Comprehensive Income the Cash Flow Statement and Statement of Changes in Equitydealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account ;
(d) In our opinion the aforesaid financial statements comply with the AccountingStandards specified under Section 133 of the Act read with Companies (Indian AccountingStandards) Rules 2015 as amended;
(e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on March312019 taken on record by the Board of Directors none of the directors is disqualifiedas on March 312019 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164 (2) of theAct;
(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls over financialreporting of the Company with reference to these financial statements and the operatingeffectiveness of such controls refer to our separate Report in "Annexure 2" tothis report;
(g) In our opinion the managerial remuneration for the year ended March 31 2019 hasbeen paid / provided by the Company to its directors in accordance with the provisions ofsection 197 read with Schedule V to the Act;
(h) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report inaccordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 as amended inour opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given tous:
i. The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financialposition in its financial statements - Refer Note 39 to the financial statements;
ii. The Company did not have any long-term contracts including derivative contracts forwhich there were any material foreseeable losses;
iii. There were no amounts which were required to be transferred to the InvestorEducation and Protection Fund by the Company.
| ||FOR Singhi & Co. |
| ||Chartered Accountants |
| ||Firm Registration No.302049E |
| ||Pradeep Kr. Singhi |
|Place: Kolkata ||Partner |
|Date: May 14 2019 ||Membership No. 50773 |