More than 300,000 new workers can be employed in wind
jobs and more than 1 million total employment opportunities can be created in achieving India’s ambitious clean energy
goals to install 160 gigawatts (GW) of renewable power by 2022, according to a study of the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).
The labour-intensive rooftop solar
segment will employ 70 percent of the new workforce, creating seven times more jobs than large-scale projects such as solar
study also finds that strong growth in the domestic solar
manufacturing industry could provide full time employment for an additional 45,000 people in India. The study calculates both the number of full-time jobs that will be created by the solar
sector, as well as the number of workers that will be required to join the sectoral workforce full-time by 2022.
The study estimates that India’s clean energy
goals have the potential to put 34,583 people to work in wind
power, 58,647 in utility solar
and 237,980 in rooftop solar
jobs over the next five years.
jobs will be well distributed across India with Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. Wind
jobs, like wind
capacity, are likely to be concentrated in a few states that have high wind
and NRDC's study captures a new dimension in accurately assessing manpower requirements in the solar
domain. This study builds on earlier analyses on the subject considering national objectives to meet India’s international clean energy
commitments. It makes the path of Skill Council of Green Jobs more clear and visible in terms of capturing the opportunity of employability in India's solar
sector,” said Dr Praveen Saxena, CEO of Skill Council of Green Jobs.
Nehmat Kaur, who works with NRDC’s India team, added, “Clean energy
expansion is generating thousands of new jobs while meeting India's climate and economic goals. With this tremendous opportunity, India is stepping up as a global leader in demonstrating how a growing economy can scale up renewables, generate employment and provide access in the face of rising energy demands.”
Neeraj Kuldeep, Programme Associate, CEEW, informed, “80 percent of the new clean energy
workforce will be employed during the construction phase. However, despite these being contractual jobs, the large pipeline of renewable energy
projects creates enough opportunities for workers to stay employed. Additionally, since most of these jobs are in the rooftop solar
PV segment, central and state governments must provide greater policy support to the rooftop sector.”
Over the past three years, NRDC
have annually surveyed India’s solar
companies, developers, and manufacturers to collect accurate, market-based information on jobs created, workforce employed, and the skills required to achieve India’s renewable energy
goals. The government should support development of training centers led by the private sector to source construction jobs locally since solar
jobs are well distributed among states.
India’s rapidly expanding solar
energy sectors employed more than 21,000 people in 2016-2017. An additional 25,000 people will be employed over the coming year. India’s clean energy
workforce comprises of solar
installers, maintenance workers, engineers, technicians, and performance data monitors.