NIHON NIRMAAN LIMITED
We have audited the attached Balance Sheet of NIHON NIRMAAN LIMITED, Gotan
as at 31 st March, 1995 and also the attached Profit & Loss Account of the
Company for the year ended on that date and report that in our opinion and
as per the information and explanations furnished to us and the Books and
Records examined by us in the normal course of Audit:
1. The Company has generally maintained proper records of Fixed Assets
showing full particulars including quantitative details and situations
thereof. The fixed assets of the Company have not been physically verified
during the year and as such, we are unable to comment on the discrepancies,
if any, between the physical inventory and book records.
2. None of the fixed assets have been revalued during the year.
3. The stock of finished goods/stores and spares, raw materials etc. at the
plant has not been physically verified during the Year due to suspension of
activities at the plant and therefore, the discrepancies, if any, between
the physical stock and book records remain undetermined. However, the stock
of finished goods lying at the sales depots have been physically verified
and the discrepancies between the physical stock and book records have been
duly adjusted. The procedures followed for such physical verification of
stocks are, in our opinion, not adequate in relation to the size and nature
of the Company's business.
Subject to Note Nos. 1(E) (b), 11 and 13 on Schedule `N' and Clause V(j)
below, the valuation of above mentioned inventories, is in our opinion,
fair and proper in accordance with the normally accepted accounting
principles and is on the same basis as in the previous year.
4. As informed to us, no loan has been taken from or given to any
Companies, firms or other parties listed in the register maintained under
Section 301 of the Companies Act, 1956 and also that there is no company
under the same management as this Company under section 370 (1-B) of the
5. Interest free loans and advances in the nature of loans given to the
employees and others are generally being recovered as per stipulations,
6. In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given
to us, there are adequate internal control procedures commensurate with the
size of the Company and the nature of its business with regard to the
purchases of stores, raw materials including components, plant and
machinery, equipments and other assets and for the sale of goods.
7. According to the information and explanations given to us there are no
transactions of purchase of goods and materials and sale of goods,
materials and services aggregating during the year to Rs. 50,000 or more in
respect of each party, made in pursuance of contracts or arrangements
entered in the register maintained under Section 301, of the Companies Act,
8. Due to suspension of activities at the plant, the Company could not
determine the stock of unserviceable or damaged stores and raw materials,
if any, as on the Balance Sheet date and the quantum of loss, if any,
arising on such items, therefore, remains unadjusted.
9. As informed, the Company has not accepted any deposit from the public
within the purview of Section 58A of the Companies Act, 1956 and the
Companies (Acceptance of Deposit) Rules, 1975.
10. In our opinion, reasonable records have been maintained by the Company
for the sale and disposal of significant scraps. As informed, there is no
by product arising out of the manufacturing process of the Company.
11. The Company had no internal audit system throughout the year which
needs to be introduced commensurate with the size and nature of its
12. Although the Company has been prescribed to maintain cost records under
section 209(1)(d) of the Companies Act, 1956 in respect of Cement, yet due
to suspension of the activities at the plant throughout the year, no cost
records, as informed, were required to be maintained by the Company.
13. The Company has generally been regular in depositing Provident Fund
dues with the appropriate authority in due time and as informed, there was
no arrear of such dues as on the Balance sheet date. The provisions of
Employees' State Insurance Scheme are stated to be not applicable to the
14. According to the information and explanations given to us, the
undisputed amount payable in respect of Income Tax, Sales Tax, Customs Duty
and Excise Duty outstanding for a period of more than 6 months as at 31st
March, 1995, from the date they became payable, aggregated to Rs. 3,77,419
as on the Balance Sheet date.
15. The Company has a policy of authorising expenditure based on reasonable
checks and balances. The policy is intended to ensure that expenses are
authorised on the basis of contractual obligations or accepted business
practices, having regard to the Company's business needs and exigencies. In
terms of these observations, we have not come across any expenses charged
to Revenue Account which, in our opinion and judgement and to the best of
our knowledge and belief, could be regarded as personal expenses.
16. In our opinion, the Company has become a sick Industrial Company within
the meaning of section 3(1) (o) of the Sick Industrial Companies (Special
Provisions) Act, 1985. However as we understand, the Company's application
to the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction, has been rejected
on the ground that the Company does not yet fall within the meaning of
Section 3(1)(o) of the sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act,
Subject to and in terms of the above, we further report that :-
i) The Company's Accounts have been prepared on a going concern basis,
although the Company has become a Sick Company under the Provisions of Sick
Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act, 1985. Should the Company be
unable to continue as going concern, the extent of resultant adjustments if
any, and the consequential effect thereof on the Company's accounts is not
ii) We have, subject to Note No.: 14 on Schedule- `N' obtained all the
information and explanations which to the best of our knowledge and belief,
were necessary for the purpose of our audit.
iii) In our opinion, proper books of account as required by Law, subject to
Note No.: 1(A)(II) and 14 on Schedule `N' regarding accounting of certain
expenses on cash bass and non-availability of various stock records, have
been kept by the Company so far as appears from our examination of those
iv) The Balance Sheet and the Profit & Loss Account dealt with by this
Report are in agreement with the Books of Account as submitted to us.
v) Attention is drawn to the following Notes on Schedule `N' whose impact
on the Company's accounts is indicated in the respective notes below :
a) Note No.: 1(A) (II) regarding non-provision of Bonus, medical
reimbursement and leave payments to employees (amount unascertained) which
as per consistent practice are accounted for on cash basis.
b) Note No.: 3 (i) regarding non-provision of gratuity amounting to Rs.
c) Note No. :3 (ii) regarding non-provision of doubtful debts/advances
aggregating to Rs. 3,68,31,495.
d) Note No. :3.(iii) regarding non-provision of overdue interest (including
penal interest) amounting to Rs. 8,20,52,557 (including Rs. 3,52,83,110 for
the year) claimed by the Financial Institutions, pending their decision on
the Company's application for waiver thereof.
e) Note No.: 3 (iv) regarding non-provision of Income Tax demand amounting
to Rs. 36,69,227 for earlier years, pending disposal of the Company's
appeal filed there against.
f) Note No.: 3 (v) regarding non-provision of wages aggregating to Rs. 48
lacs (approximately) payable to the workers during the period of suspension
of activities at the plant, pending disposal of the case by the High Court
g) Note Nos. 6 & 7 regarding non-provision of depreciation for the year
amounting to Rs. 2,26,40,223 and non-appropriation of Rs. 1,59,92,734 from
the revaluation reserve during the year.
h) Note No. 11 regarding valuation of inferior quality of clinkers, the
exact impact whereof on the Company's financial results is not presently
i) Note No.: 13 regarding non provision of Customs Duty and port charge
etc. (amount no ascertainable) against imported spares lying at Calcutta
and Bombay Ports.
j) Note No.: 14 regarding non-determination/ non-adjustment of
discrepancies, if any, in the stocks lying at plant, due to non-
availability of relevant records owing to suspension of activities at the
plant. Further, in the absence of adequate details as to the physical
condition of stores and spares, raw materials, work in progress, finished
goods etc., we are unable to comment as to the fair valuation of such
inventories as on the Balance Sheet date.
k) Note No.: 16 regarding non-adjustment of proportionate deferred revenue
expenses Rs. 1,67,84,694( including Rs 83,92,347 for the year) due to
adverse operating results of the Company.
l) Note No.: 18(a) regarding accounting of Excise Duty payment aggregating
to Rs.4,53,22,032 as refunds receivable, about which we are unable to offer
our comments due to non-receipt of any confirmation/communication from the
m) Note No.: 18 (b) & (c) regarding non-provision of Excise duty demands
aggregating to Rs. 1,66,89,335 as well as interest and other charges Rs.
36,41,826. Against the above demands, the sum of Rs. 47,51,232 paid by the
company is appearing as recoverable advances but due to pending appeals, we
are unable to offer our comments on the above matter.
n) Note No.: 20 regarding non-adjustment of certain credits aggregating to
Rs. 10,35,040 (net) given by the banks, pending reconciliation thereof.
o) Note No.: 21 regarding non-availability of balance confirmation from
certain banks and its consequent non-reconciliation.
p) Note No.: 22 regarding non-provision of interest aggregating to Rs.
5,77,73,979 on term loans as well as working capital, from financial
institutions and banks.
Subject to the above and read with other Notes appearing on Schedule `N',
the said statements of accounts, in our opinion and the best of our
information and according to explanations given to us, give the information
required by the Companies Act, 1956, in the manner so required and give
true and fair view:
i) In the case of the Balance Sheet, of the State of Affairs of the Company
as at 31st March, 1995 and
ii) In the case of Profit & Loss Account, of the Loss of the Company
(subject to the observations in Clause (v) above) for the year ended on
For S.R. BATLIBOI AND COMPANY
Dated: 28th September, 1995.