While there has been a lot of push lately on digital transactions from the Narendra Modi-led central government, it is expected that the coming Union Budget
2018-19 will see Finance Minister Arun Jaitley renewing the thrust by announcing some incentives for small businesses to increasingly go digital in so far as banking transactions are concerned.
Also, against the backdrop of the government’s plan to recapitalise public-sector banks, which have been suffering because of their ballooning non-performing assets, Budget
2018 will be keenly watched for any announcement towards that end.
PwC and Business Standard look at the present scenario in the banking sector, the issues facing it, and the Budget
expectations the industry has from Finance Minister Arun Jaitley:
Banking sector at a glance
Various measures and app-based services have been introduced to promote digitization
Cabinet has approved the proposal that the govt would bear merchant discount rate (MDR) charges on digital transactions up to Rs 2,000 for two years.
In Budget 2018, the government might introduce additional incentives like tax rebates of, say, 0.2% on digital transactions up to a threshold for small businesses
Capital infusion in PSU banks
The govt has announced a recapitalisation scheme to infuse capital in the banking system.
Additional capital may be infused based on banks’ governance structure, bad debt recovery plan, capital planning & budgeting and HR strategy.
ISSUES FACING THE SECTOR & WHAT INDUSTRY WANTS
Bankruptcy code: It is still evolving. It needs to be strengthened and the objective and spirit have to be adequately demonstrated
Home loan benefits: Considering higher unit prices in metros, higher tax deduction is needed on principal repayment of housing loan under section 80C
Insurance penetration: Currently, a high GST rate of 18% is applicable on insurance premium. That is a drag, especially given a weak life insurance penetration of under 4%.
Regulatory timelines: Various regulations like IFRS, margining of non- centrally cleared trades, New Basel III norms are under way, but clearer timelines need to be defined.
Pension plans not tax-friendly: The pension from annuity is currently treated as income and taxed accordingly which is unfavourable when compared with PF, PPF, etc.
LTCG tax benefits: The MF industry and brokerages expect long-term capital gains tax benefits for equities/equity-oriented funds to continue.
Dividend distribution tax: There is no dividend distribution tax applicable on equity-oriented mutual funds but debt mutual funds, AMCs pay DDT at the rate of 28.33%. Industry expects removal of this dividend distribution tax to improve investor sentiment.