In major relief to Gujarat, Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab and Maharashtra, the Supreme Court on Monday stayed an order allowing Tata Power and the Adani group to charge higher electricity tariffs on account of a rise in the cost of coal.
Responding to a petition by the power distribution utilities of Haryana, the apex court stayed the interim order of the Appellate Tribunal of Electricity (APTEL) on compensatory tariff, and asked the tribunal to finalise the matter expeditiously.
The levelised tariff originally offered by Tata Power’s 4,000-Megawatt (Mw) ultra-mega power project (UMPP) was Rs 2.26 a unit, but after adding the compensatory tariff of 52 paise, it would have been Rs 2.8 a unit. Power from Adani’s Mundra 1,980-Mw power plant would have cost Haryana Rs 2.39 after the compensatory tariff component and Gujarat Rs 2.09.
Higher tariff after March 2014 would have fetched Tata’s Mundra UMPP Rs 25,000 crore and Adani’s project an additional Rs 18,500 crore over its remaining life.
“Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL) has been delivering competitive power across the five beneficiary states despite having under-recovery on fuel charges. CGPL will do its utmost to continue to buy coal and honour its commitment towards the nation’s energy security by providing reliable and competitive power supply through the project. As the case is already being heard by the APTEL, the company would await a quick resolution of this issue through the required judicial process,” said a Tata Power spokesperson.
Tata Mundra UMPP, which sources imported coal for its fuel needs, has signed power purchase pacts with Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam, Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co, Ajmer Vidyut Vitran Nigam, Jaipur Vidyut Vitran Nigam, Jodhpur Vidyut Vitran Nigam, Punjab State Power Corporation and Haryana Power Generation. Adani has power purchase agreements with two utilities each of Gujarat and Haryana.
Compensatory tariff is added to the levelised tariff offered by a power producer, and is on account of variable costs such as fuel. In its petition with the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC), Tata Mundra UMPP admitted the cost of imported coal from Indonesia had increased and the state utilities buying power needed to pay for the escalation in production cost.
The CERC had in February ruled power-generation companies should be allowed to adjust the compensation arising out of the increasing cost of domestic fuel and rising dependence on costly imported fuel. The APTEL, which is still hearing the matter, will also review the tariff-setting powers of the CERC.
Rs 2.26 a unit - Original price of power from Tata Power's plant
Rs 2.8 a unit - Price if compensatory tariff of 52 paise was added
Rs 1.96 a unit - Levelised tariff offered by Adani to Haryana
Rs 1.38 a unit- Levelised tariff offered by Adani to Gujarat
Rs 2.39 a unit - Haryana’s power cost from Adani’s Mundra plant if compensatory tariff was added
Rs 2.09 a unit - Gujarat power cost from Adani’s Mundra plant if compensatory tariff was added
Rs 25,000 cr - Would have been Tata’s gain if compensatory tariff was added
- Rs 18,500 cr - Would have been Adani's gain if compensatory tariff was added