To the Members of CEAT Limited
Report on the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements
We have audited the accompanying standalone financial statements of CEAT Limited("the Company") which comprise the Balance sheet as at March 31 2021 theStatement of Profit and Loss including the statement of Other Comprehensive Loss theCash Flow Statement and the Statement of Changes in Equity for the year then ended andnotes to the standalone financial statements including a summary of significantaccounting policies and other explanatory information.
In our opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanationsgiven to us the aforesaid standalone financial statements give the information requiredby the Companies Act 2013 as amended ("the Act") in the manner so required andgive a true and fair view in conformity with the accounting principles generally acceptedin India of the state of affairs of the Company as at March 312021 its profit includingother comprehensive loss its cash flows and the changes in equity for the year ended onthat date.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit of the standalone financial statements in accordance with theStandards on Auditing (SAs) as specified under section 143(10) of the Act. Ourresponsibilities under those Standards are further described in the Auditor'sResponsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements' section of ourreport. We are independent of the Company in accordance with
the Code of Ethics' issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Indiatogether with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the financialstatements under the provisions of the Act and the Rules thereunder and we have fulfilledour other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the Code ofEthics. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriateto provide a basis for our audit opinion on the standalone financial statements.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that in our professional judgment were of mostsignificance in our audit of the standalone financial statements for the financial yearended March 31 2021. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of thestandalone financial statements as a whole and in forming our opinion thereon and we donot provide a separate opinion on these matters. For each matter below our description ofhow our audit addressed the matter is provided in that context.
We have determined the matters described below to be the key audit matters to becommunicated in our report. We have fulfilled the responsibilities described in theAuditor's responsibilities for the audit of the standalone financial statements section ofour report including in relation to these matters. Accordingly our audit included theperformance of procedures designed to respond to our assessment of the risks of materialmisstatement of the standalone financial statements. The results of our audit proceduresincluding the procedures performed to address the matters below provide the basis for ouraudit opinion on the accompanying standalone financial statements.
|Key audit matters ||How our audit addressed the key audit matter |
|Significant estimates and judgment relating to Capitalisation of property plant and equipment (refer note 2.8 (accounting policy) note 3 (financial disclosures) to the financial statements) |
|As a part of expansion plan the Company has incurred significant capital expenditure mainly on greenfield project at Chennai and brownfield expansion at Halol Nagpur and Ambernath plants. The capital expenditure requires consideration of the nature of costs incurred to ensure that capitalization of property plant and equipment meets the specific recognition criteria under Ind AS 16 Property Plant and Equipment' and also judgement is involved in assigning appropriate useful economic lives to respective assets. ||Our audit procedures included the following: |
|As a result this was noted as a key audit matter considering the significance of amounts involved. As disclosed in Note 3 to the standalone financial statements as at March 31 2021 the carrying value of property plant and equipment including capital work-in-progress was Rs 525969 lacs and the additions during the year were Rs 144104 lacs. || We evaluated and tested the design effectiveness and operating effectiveness of internal controls with respect to the capitalisation of property plant and equipment; |
| || We examined the nature of property plant and equipment capitalised by the Company to verify that the assets capitalised meets the recognition criteria set out in Ind AS 16. |
| || We examined the useful economic lives and residual value assigned to assets capitalised during the year with reference to the Company's historical experience and technical evaluation and our understanding of the Company's business. |
| || We compared the capitalisations during the year to approved budgets; |
| || We assessed the disclosures in the standalone financial statements relating to capitalisation of property plant and equipment. |
Significant estimates and judgment relating to Litigation claims and contingencies[refer note 2.14 and 2.22 (accounting policy) note 21 and note 39 (financial disclosures)to the financial statements]
|The Company is involved in material legal proceedings including direct and indirect taxes contracts and other regulatory matters relating to conduct of its business. The Company assesses the need to make provision or disclose a contingency on a case-to-case basis considering the underlying facts of each litigation. ||Our audit procedures included the following: |
|The aforesaid assessment involves significant judgement and estimates. The evaluation of management's judgments including those that involve estimations in assessing the likelihood that a pending claim will succeed or a liability will arise and the quantification of potential financial impact have been a matter of most significance during the current year audit. Evaluation of the outcome of legal proceedings and whether there exists a risk of loss requires significant judgment by management given the complexities involved. || We evaluated the design and tested the operating effectiveness of controls in respect of the identification and evaluation of tax and other demands proceedings and investigations and related provisions and disclosures. |
| || We obtained a list of litigations and claims from the Company's tax and legal head. We identified material litigations from the list and performed inquiries with the said tax and legal head on the management evaluation of these material litigations. |
| || In relation to the material litigations claims and contingencies we involved our legal / tax specialists to perform an independent assessment of the conclusions reached by management. |
| || We obtained direct confirmations from the Company's external lawyers / advisors with respect to the material litigations and demands. We evaluated the independence objectivity and competency of the Company's external lawyers / advisors involved. |
| || We evaluated the management's assumptions estimates and judgments used in the calculations of provision for litigation claims and contingencies and related disclosures in the standalone financial statements. |
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the other information. The otherinformation comprises the information included in the Management Discussion and AnalysisBoard's Report including Annexures to Board's Report Business Responsibility Report andShareholder's Information but does not include the standalone financial statements andour auditor's report thereon.
Our opinion on the standalone financial statements does not cover the other informationand we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the standalone financial statements our responsibilityis to read the other information and in doing so consider whether such other informationis materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in theaudit or otherwise appears to be materially misstated. If based on the work we haveperformed we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information weare required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
Responsibilities of Management for the Standalone Financial Statements
The Company's Board of Directors is responsible for the matters stated in section134(5) of the Act with respect to the preparation of these standalone financial statementsthat give a true and fair view of the financial position financial performance includingother comprehensive loss cash flows and changes in equity of the Company in accordancewith the accounting principles generally accepted in India including the IndianAccounting Standards (Ind AS) specified under section 133 of the Act read with theCompanies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules 2015 as amended. This responsibility alsoincludes maintenance of adequate accounting records in accordance with the provisions ofthe Act for safeguarding of the assets of the Company and for preventing and detectingfrauds and other irregularities; selection and application of appropriate accountingpolicies; making judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent; and the designimplementation and maintenance of adequate internal financial controls that wereoperating effectively for ensuring the accuracy and completeness of the accountingrecords relevant to the preparation and presentation of the standalone financialstatements that give
a true and fair view and are free from material misstatement whether due to fraud orerror.
In preparing the standalone financial statements management is responsible forassessing the Company's ability to continue as a going concern disclosing as applicablematters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unlessmanagement either intends to liquidate the Company or to cease operations or has norealistic alternative but to do so.
Those Board of Directors are also responsible for overseeing the Company's financialreporting process.
Auditor's Responsibilities for the Audit of the Standalone Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the standalonefinancial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement whether due to fraudor error and to issue an auditor's report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assuranceis a high level of assurance but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordancewith SAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements canarise from fraud or error and are considered material if individually or in theaggregate they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of userstaken on the basis of these standalone financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with SAs we exercise professional judgment andmaintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the standalonefinancial statements whether due to fraud or error design and perform audit proceduresresponsive to those risks and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate toprovide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatementresulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error as fraud may involvecollusion forgery intentional omissions misrepresentations or the override of internalcontrol.
Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order todesign audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances. Under section 143(3)
(i) of the Act we are also responsible for expressing our opinion on whether theCompany has adequate internal financial controls with reference to financial statements inplace and the operating effectiveness of such controls.
Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonablenessof accounting estimates and related disclosures made by management.
Conclude on the appropriateness of management's use of the going concern basisof accounting and based on the audit evidence obtained whether a material uncertaintyexists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the Company'sability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty existswe are required to draw
attention in our auditor's report to the related disclosures in the financialstatements or if such disclosures are inadequate to modify our opinion. Our conclusionsare based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor's report. Howeverfuture events or conditions may cause the Company to cease to continue as a going concern.
Evaluate the overall presentation structure and content of the standalonefinancial statements including the disclosures and whether the standalone financialstatements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fairpresentation.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding among other matters theplanned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings including anysignificant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have compliedwith relevant ethical requirements regarding independence and to communicate with themall relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on ourindependence and where applicable related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance we determine thosematters that were of most significance in the audit of the standalone financial statementsfor the financial year ended March 31 2021 and are therefore the key audit matters. Wedescribe these matters in our auditor's report unless law or regulation precludes publicdisclosure about the matter or when in extremely rare circumstances we determine that amatter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doingso would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of suchcommunication.
Report on Other Legal and Regulatory Requirements
1. As required by the Companies (Auditor's Report) Order 2016 ("the Order")issued by the Central Government of India in terms of sub-section (11) of section 143 ofthe Act we give in the "Annexure 1 " a statement on the matters specified inparagraphs 3 and 4 of the Order.
2. As required by Section 143(3) of the Act we report that:
(a) We have sought and obtained all the information and explanations which to the bestof our knowledge and belief were necessary for the purposes of our audit;
(b) In our opinion proper books of account as required by law have been kept by theCompany so far as it appears from our examination of those books;
(c) The Balance Sheet the Statement of Profit and Loss including the Statement ofOther Comprehensive Income the Cash Flow Statement and Statement of Changes in Equitydealt with by this Report are in agreement with the books of account;
(d) In our opinion the aforesaid standalone financial statements comply with theAccounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act read with Companies (IndianAccounting Standards) Rules 2015 as amended;
(e) On the basis of the written representations received from the directors as on March31 2021 taken on record by the Board of Directors none of the directors is disqualifiedas on March 312021 from being appointed as a director in terms of Section 164(2) of theAct;
(f) With respect to the adequacy of the internal financial controls with reference tothese standalone financial statements and the operating effectiveness of such controlsrefer to our separate Report in "Annexure 2" to this report;
(g) In our opinion the managerial remuneration for the year ended March 31 2021 hasbeen paid / provided by the Company to its directors in accordance with the provisions ofsection 197 read with Schedule V to the Act;
(h) With respect to the other matters to be included in the Auditor's Report inaccordance with Rule 11 of the Companies (Audit and Auditors) Rules 2014 as amended inour opinion and to the best of our information and according to the explanations given tous:
i. The Company has disclosed the impact of pending litigations on its financialposition in its standalone financial statements - Refer Note 21 and 39(a) to thestandalone financial statements;
ii. The Company has made provision as required under the applicable law or accountingstandards for material foreseeable losses if any on long-term contracts includingderivative contracts - Refer Note 20 25 and 50 to the standalone financial statements;
iii. There has been no delay in transferring amounts required to be transferred tothe Investor Education and Protection Fund by the Company
For S R B C & CO LLP
Chartered Accountants ICAI Firm
Registration Number: 324982E/E300003 per Vinayak Pujare
Partner Membership Number: 101143 U DIN: 21101143AAAAAX6020
Place of Signature: Mumbai
Date: May 05 2021
Annexure 1 referred to in paragraph 1 under the heading Report on Other Legal andRegulatory Requirements' of our report of even date
(i) (a) The Company has maintained proper records showing full particulars includingquantitative details and situation of fixed assets.
(b) All fixed assets have not been physically verified by the management during theyear but there is a regular programme of verification which in our opinion is reasonablehaving regard to the size of the Company and the nature of its assets. No materialdiscrepancies were noticed on such verification.
(c) According to the information and explanations given by the management the titledeeds of immovable properties other than self-constructed buildings included in propertyplant and equipment are held in the name of the Company.
(ii) The management has conducted physical verification of inventory at reasonableintervals during the year and no material discrepancies were noticed on such physicalverification. Inventories lying with third parties have been confirmed by them as at March31 2021 and no material discrepancies were noticed in respect of such confirmations.
(iii) (a) The Company has granted loan to a subsidiary company covered in the registermaintained under section 189 of the Companies Act 2013. In our opinion and according tothe information and explanations given to us the terms and conditions of the grant ofsuch loans are not prejudicial to the company's interest.
(b) In respect of the loan granted to the subsidiary company covered in the registermaintained under Section 189 of the Companies Act 2013 the schedule of repayment ofprincipal and payment of interest has been stipulated and these payments are regular. TheCompany has also granted another loan to the subsidiary company which is repayable ondemand. We are informed that the amount of interest and principal demanded by the Companyhas been paid during the year. Thus in respect of these loan there has been no default onpart of the subsidiary company to which the money was lent.
(c) There are no amounts of loans granted to subsidiary company listed in the registermaintained under section 189 of the Companies Act 2013 which are overdue for more thanninety days.
Refer Note 47 to the standalone financial statements explaining the amalgamation ofsubsidiary company.
(iv) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given to usprovisions of section 185 and 186 of the Companies Act 2013 in respect of loans todirectors including entities in which they are interested and in respect of loans andadvances given investments made and guarantees and securities given have been compliedwith by the Company.
(v) In respect of deposits accepted in our opinion and according to the informationand explanations given to us directives issued by the Reserve Bank of India and theprovisions of section 73 to 76 or any other relevant provisions of the Companies Act2013 and the rules framed there under to the extent applicable have been complied with.We are informed by the management that no order in this regard has been passed by theCompany Law Board National Company Law Tribunal or Reserve Bank of India or any court orany other Tribunal.
(vi) We have broadly reviewed the books of account maintained by the Company pursuantto the rules made by the Central Government for the maintenance of cost records undersection 148(1) of the Companies Act 2013 related to the manufacture of rubber tyrestubes and flaps for all types of vehicles and are of the opinion that prima facie thespecified accounts and records have been made and maintained. We have not however made adetailed examination of the same.
(vii) (a) The Company is regular in depositing with appropriate authorities undisputedstatutory dues including provident fund employees' state insurance income-tax duty ofcustom goods and services tax cess and other statutory dues applicable to it.
(b) According to the information and explanations given to us no undisputed amountspayable in respect of provident fund employees' state insurance income-tax duty ofcustom goods and services tax cess and other statutory dues were outstanding at theyear end for a period of more than six months from the date they became payable.
(c) According to the records of the Company the dues of income-tax sales-tax servicetax duty of custom duty of excise goods and services tax value added tax and cess onaccount of any dispute are as follows:
(Rs in Lacs)
|Name of the statute ||Period to which the amounts relates ||Commissionerate ||Appellate authorities and Tribunal ||High Court ||Supreme Court ||Deposit ||Net Amount |
|Central Excise Act / Customs Act (Tax / Interest / Penalty) ||1974-2017 ||1117 ||4216 || || ||141 ||5192 |
|Service Tax under the Finance Act 1994 (Tax / Interest/ Penalty) ||2004-2017 || ||1906 ||51 || ||71 ||1886 |
|Income Tax Act (Tax / Interest / Penalty) ||2013 -2019 ||926 ||- ||- ||- ||67 ||859 |
|Sales Tax VAT CST (Tax / Interest / Penalty) ||1987 -2018 ||3581 ||2350 || || ||748 ||5183 |
|Good and Services Tax Act 2017 (Tax) ||2018 -2020 ||69 ||- ||- ||- ||- ||69 |
| || ||5693 ||8472 ||51 ||- ||1027 ||13189 |
(viii) ln our opinion and according to the information and explanations given by themanagement the Company has not defaulted in repayment of loans or borrowing to afinancial institution bank government or dues to debenture-holders.
(ix) In our opinion and according to the information and explanations given by themanagement the term loans were applied for the purpose for which the loans were obtained.
(x) Based upon the audit procedures performed for the purpose of reporting the true andfair view of the financial statements and according to the information and explanationsgiven by the management we report that no fraud by the Company or no fraud on the Companyby the officers and employees of the Company has been noticed or reported during the year.
(xi) According to the information and explanations given by the management themanagerial remuneration has been paid / provided in accordance with the requisiteapprovals mandated by the provisions of section 197 read with Schedule V to the CompaniesAct 2013.
(xii) In our opinion the Company is not a Nidhi company. Therefore the provisions ofclause 3(xii) of the order are not applicable to the Company and hence not commented upon.
(xiii) According to the information and explanations given by the managementtransactions with the related parties are in compliance with section 177 and 188 ofCompanies Act 2013 where applicable and the details have been disclosed in the notes tothe financial statements as required by the applicable accounting standards.
(xiv) According to the information and explanations given to us and on an overallexamination of the balance sheet the Company has not made any preferential allotment orprivate placement of shares or fully or partly convertible debentures during the yearunder review and hence reporting requirements under clause 3(xiv) are not applicable tothe Company and hence not commented upon.
(xv) According to the information and explanations given by the management the Companyhas not entered into any non-cash transactions with directors or persons connected withhim as referred to in section 192 of Companies Act 2013.
(xvi) According to the information and explanations given to us the provisions ofsection 45-IA of the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934 are not applicable to the Company.
For S R B C & CO LLP Chartered Accountants ICAI Firm Registration Number:324982E/E300003 per Vinayak Pujare Partner Membership Number: 101143 U DIN:21101143AAAAAX6020 Place of Signature: Mumbai Date: May 05 2021
Annexure 2 to the Independent Auditor's Report of even date on the Standalone FinancialStatements of Ceat Limted
Report on the Internal Financial Controls under Clause
(i) of Sub-section 3 of Section 143 of the Companies Act 2013 ("the Act")
We have audited the internal financial controls with reference to standalone financialstatements of CEAT Limited ("the Company") as of March 31 2021 in conjunctionwith our audit of the standalone financial statements of the Company for the year ended onthat date.
Management's Responsibility for Internal Financial Controls
The Company's Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining internalfinancial controls based on the internal control over financial reporting criteriaestablished by the Company considering the essential components of internal control statedin the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reportingissued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI"). Theseresponsibilities include the design implementation and maintenance of adequate internalfinancial controls that were operating effectively for ensuring the orderly and efficientconduct of its business including adherence to the Company's policies the safeguardingof its assets the prevention and detection of frauds and errors the accuracy andcompleteness of the accounting records and the timely preparation of reliable financialinformation as required under the Companies Act 2013.
Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company's internal financialcontrols with reference to these standalone financial statements based on our audit. Weconducted our audit in accordance with the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal FinancialControls Over Financial Reporting (the "Guidance Note") and the Standards onAuditing as specified under section 143(10) of the Act to the extent applicable to anaudit of internal financial controls and both issued by the ICAI. Those Standards and theGuidance Note require that we comply with ethical requirements and plan and perform theaudit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether adequate internal financial controlswith reference to these standalone financial statements was established and maintained andif such controls operated effectively in all material respects.
Our audit involves performing procedures to obtain audit evidence about the adequacy ofthe internal financial controls with reference to these standalone financial statementsand their operating effectiveness. Our audit of internal financial controls over financialreporting included obtaining an understanding of internal financial controls withreference to these standalone financial statements assessing the riskthat a materialweakness exists and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness ofinternal control based on the assessed risk. The procedures selected depend on theauditor's judgement including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of thefinancial statements whether due to fraud or error.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate toprovide a basis for our audit opinion on the Company's internal financial controls withreference to these standalone financial statements.
Meaning of Internal Financial Controls With Reference to these Standalone FinancialStatements
A Company's internal financial controls with reference to standalone financialstatements is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliabilityof financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposesin accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A Company's internalfinancial controls with reference to these standalone financial statements includes thosepolicies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonabledetail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets ofthe Company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessaryto permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally acceptedaccounting principles and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being madeonly in accordance with authorisations of management and directors of the Company; and (3)provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorisedacquisition use or disposition of the Company's assets that could have a material effecton the financial statements.
Inherent Limitations of Internal Financial Controls With Reference to StandaloneFinancial Statements
Because of the inherent limitations of internal financial controls with reference tothese standalone financial statements including the possibility of collusion or impropermanagement override of controls material misstatements due to error or fraud may occurand not be detected. Also projections of any evaluation of the internal financialcontrols with reference to standalone financial statements to future periods are subjectto the risk that the internal financial control with reference to standalone financialstatements may become inadequate because of changes in conditions or that the degree ofcompliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion the Company has in all material respects adequate internal financialcontrols with reference to standalone financial statements and such internal financialcontrols with reference to standalone financial statements were operating effectively asat March 31 2021 based on the internal control over financial reporting criteriaestablished by the Company considering the essential components of internal control statedin the Guidance Note on Audit of Internal Financial Controls Over Financial Reportingissued by the ICAI.
For S R B C & CO LLP Chartered Accountants
ICAI Firm Registration Number: 324982E/E300003 per Vinayak Pujare
Partner Membership Number: 101143
U DIN: 21101143AAAAAX6020
Place of Signature: Mumbai
Date: May 05 2021