Escorts Ltd is one of India's leading engineering conglomerates with over six decades of experience. The company has diversified business in three different segments viz. Agri Machinery Material Handling & Construction Equipment and Railway Equipment.Escorts Ltd was incorporated in the year 1944 as Escorts Agents Ltd in Lahore. In the year 1951 Escorts established India's first private Institute of Farm Mechanisation at Delhi and in the year 1953 Escorts (Agents) Ltd and Escorts (Agriculture and Machines) Ltd merged to form Escorts Agents Pvt Ltd. The company was converted into a public limited company in December 1959 and subsequently the name was changed to Escorts Ltd in January 1960.In the year 1961 the company set up a manufacturing base at Faridabad for manufactures of tractors in collaboration with URSUS of Poland and launched Escort brand of tractors. Also they made collaboration with CEKOP of Poland for manufacture of motorcycles and scooters. The first Rajdoot motorcycle rolls off the assembly line.In the year 1969 Escorts Tractors Ltd made a technical and financial joint venture with the global giant Ford Motor Company USA for manufacturing Ford tractors in India. And in February 1 1971 the first tractor FORD 3000 rolled out of the factory. In the year 1977 the company set up their first independent R&D Center namely Escorts Scientific Research Centre at Faridabad. Also they set up their second plant at Bangalore for manufacturing piston assemblies. In the year 1979 they made collaboration with JCB Excavators Ltd. UK for manufacture of excavators.In the year 1980 the company forayed into healthcare and set up Escorts Hospital and Research Center in Faridabad. In the year 1984 the company signed an agreement with the Japanese bike giant Yamaha to manufacture motorcycles with Yamaha technology. Also they made collaboration with Jeumont Schneider of France and Dynapac of Sweden to manufacture EPABX systems and vibratory road compactors respectively.In the year 1997 the company made a joint venture agreement with New Holland and launched Farmtrac Tractor. Also the made a joint venture with First Pacific Company of Hong Kong and formed Escotel Mobile Communications. In the year 1998 the company launched Powertrac tractors. They signed a MoU with Long Manufacturing Company of USA for setting up a Joint Venture in USA.In the year 1999 the company signed a MoU with a Polish Company POL-MOT for assembling manufacturing and marketing of Farm Machinery. In September 1999 they set up a subsidiary namely Escosoft Technologies Ltd in the Information Technology Sector.During the year 2001-02 the company sold their 26% shareholding in Yamaha Motors Escorts Ltd. They entered into an agreement with Claas KgaA Germany their joint venture partner in Escorts Claas Ltd for sale of their 60% equity in the joint venture for a consideration of Euro 13.2 million. During the year Escorts Heart and Super Speciality Institute Ltd Escorts Heart Centre Ltd Automatrix India Pvt Ltd and Escorts Research and Development Ltd became the subsidiary companies.During the year 2003-04 Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre Ltd a subsidiary company acquired 100% paid up equity capital of Escorts Hospital and Research Centre Ltd which had multi-speciality hospital in Faridabad. In January 2004 the company entered into an agreement with Idea Cellular Ltd to divest their share in Escorts Telecommunication Ltd. During the year 2004-05 the Escotoonz Entertainment Pvt Ltd a wholly owned subsidiary company completed the Project 'King-II' which was applauded in MIPCOM in France. In September 2005 the company entered into an agreement with Fortis Healthcare Ltd to divest their shares in Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre Ltd for a consideration of Rs 520 crore.During the year 2005-06 the company set up a new manufacturing facility in Rudrapur Uttarakhand for manufacture of new range of railway equipment. The company sold their stake in the software companies and also divested 49% stake in the joint venture Carraro India Ltd in which the company is getting out of all the unrelated business and to remain focused on the three core businesses.During the year 2006-07 the company embarked on entering into the manufacturing of shock absorbers for commercial vehicles.In 2010 Escorts became the first Indian company to indigenously design Backhoe Loaders. In 2011 Escorts launched India's first inverter tractor FT45.In 2012 Escorts developed the most fuel efficient tractors Powertrac 425. During the year the company indigenously developed Bogie Mounted Brake Systems for Indian Railways. In 2013 Escorts launched Ferrari tractors - the world's best in specialty tractors - in collaboration with the Italian tractor brand.In 2014 Escorts launched Farmtrac 4X4 introducing high end car technology for Indian tractors.In 2015 Escorts launched Anti-Lift Tractor - India's first lift-resistant tractors for commercial haulage operations. During the year the company entered into Joint Venture with Amul Group for manufacturing of speciality tractors Steeltrac. During the year the company partnered with Cognizant Technology Solutions to digitally transform businesses and deliver superior customer experience.In 2016 Escorts launched Farmtrac 6090 - a global tractor made in India. During the year the company also launched Jungli - the high-power backhoe loader with brute force for tough operations. During the year Escorts Skill Development Centre was established to develop technical skills and make people more employable.On 11 August 2016 Escorts announced the divestment of its OEM & Export business of Auto Product division to Badve Engineering Ltd. Pune in an all cash deal as a part of the planned strategic reorientation of the business to focus on core verticals in the Agri-Machinery Construction equipment and Railway equipment. The Auto Products business comprises an extensive product basket catering to OEMs and replacement market in India and overseas markets for all vehicle categories including motorcycles scooters passenger cars commercial vehicles and multi-utility vehicles.On 6 September 2017 Escorts launched India's first Electric & Hydrostatic concept tractor and an expanded global portfolio of tractors for the export and domestic market in 22HP to 90 HP range under flagship brands Farmtrac and Powertrac compliant with tier 4 emission norms of Europe and America amidst 43 International distributors. This includes the flagship New Escorts Tractor Series (NETS) with higher horse power (70 to 90 HP) Compact tractors in 22 to 30 HP range Crossover tractors for both paddy and haulage applications tractors with cabin options for driving comfort along with tier 4 emission norms compliant CRDi engines which will cater to customer demands from the United States Europe Latin America Africa and ASEAN countries apart from new generation farmers in India.On 13 November 2017 Escorts introduced indigenously engineered Electric Tractor at Agritechnica 2017 Hanover Germany.On 5 February 2018 Escorts' Construction Equipment Division (Escorts Construction Equipment) announced entering into an exclusive distribution agreement with Doosan Infracore Co. Limited South Korea (Doosan) for exclusive distributorship for sale and service of Doosan products for the entire Indian market. Doosan is a global leader in manufacturing and marketing of Crawler Excavators Mini Excavators and Wheel Loaders. The product range offered by Doosan complements the current product offering of Escorts Construction Equipment. With this association with Doosan Escorts Construction Equipment will be able to double its addressed market in Indian Construction Equipment (ICE) Industry from existing 40% to more than 80% by value. On 2 April 2018 Escorts announced that the company has increased its shareholding in its subsidiary company i.e. Escorts Securities Limited to 78% from 49% by way of acquisition of additional 35 lakh shares. On the same day Escorts announced that the company has sold its entire shareholding of 30% in its subsidiary company viz. Escorts Asset Management Limited (now name changed to Quant Money Managers Limited).