Liquidity is expected to remain constrained till the end of March owing to factors such as higher demand for money at the end of 2018-19, the upcoming Lok Sabha elections and advance tax outflow, according to a survey of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce (Ficci) and the Indian Banks’ Association (IBA).
This eighth round of the Ficci-IBA survey covered the period July-December 2018. Twenty-three banks, covering 65 per cent of the industry and including public-sector, private-sector, foreign and small-finance banks, participated in the survey.
Respondent banks said the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had taken adequate measures by way of open market operations (OMOs) to maintain liquidity. Although the RBI’s OMOs have ensured sufficient system-level liquidity, some sectors are finding liquidity to be a challenge owing to their credit profile.
Banks want the RBI to continue with OMOs for the rest of the fiscal year. The purchase of government securities through auctions held by banks will release much-needed funds in the system.
Banks have to invest a portion of deposits in government bonds to maintain the statutory liquidity ratio (SLR). The minimum SLR stands at 19.5 per cent. Most banks’ SLR is higher than that. So they may sell SLR bonds in the OMO auctions.
In FY19, the RBI has infused liquidity of about Rs 2.5 trillion by way of purchases in OMOs, of which Rs 672 crore was not via auction. There have been no OMO sales this fiscal year.
A majority of the respondent banks said liquidity was in deficit in the third quarter of the fiscal year. It, however, slightly improved of late, but could remain tight in the last quarter.
The reasons cited for tight liquidity include currency expansion due to the wedding season, festivals, forex interventions following higher oil prices and foreign portfolio outflows, stress in non-banking finance companies, and tax outflows.