Sushma Swaraj will meet Wang on the sidelines of the foreign ministers' meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Summit (SCO).
She will meet a more powerful Wang, who in March was elevated to China's top diplomatic post of State Councillor. They are likely to discuss a host of "thorny" issues.
India-China ties were severely hit by the 73-day military stand-off near their border in 2017.
After the military face-off in 2017, both sides are trying to restore normalcy to their ties by stepping up bilateral exchanges.
Sushma Swaraj, whose last visit to China was in 2015, is also likely to be meet the other top Chinese leaders.
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