What is National Population Register (NPR)

National Population Register (NPR)

What is National Population Register (NPR)
What is National Population Register (NPR)
The Census process and an update of the National Population Register (NPR) across the country are to take place from April 2020 to September 2020, and the new data will be published in February 2021. While the national Census exercise is not unknown to most people, the term National Population Register (NPR) is not so well known. Here are the answers to some of the most frequently asked questions around NPR:
 
What is National Population Register (NPR)
 
Before understanding NPR, we need to know what is a ‘resident’. Any person who has been living in an area or locality for six months or more or intends to live in an area/locality for the next six months at the time of a survey is considered a resident.
 
The NPR is a register of all ‘residents’ of the country, prepared at several levels — local (village/sub-town), subdistrict, district, state and national — according to the provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955, and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003. The objective of the exercise is the create a comprehensive database of residents of the nation including their demographic particulars. The exercise is carried out under the supervision of Registrar General and ex-Officio Census Commissioner, India. Every citizen of India has to be issued a national identity card under the law.
 
What are the details required to be given for NPR?
 
The demographic details of every individual are required for every usual resident — name, relationship to the head of the household, father's name, mother's name, spouse's name (if married), sex, date of birth, marital status, place of birth, nationality (as declared), present address of usual residence, duration of stay at the present address, permanent residential address, occupation, and educational qualification.
 
The NPR was introduced by the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government in 2010. It was updated in 2015 by the Narendra Modi government through a door-to-door survey. The Union Cabinet, chaired by PM Modi, has approves Rs 3,941.35 cr for exercise to update the NPR.
 
What is the relation between NPR and Census?
 
The NPR update is the first phase of the Census 2021 exercise.
 
The census, which is the single largest source of a variety of statistical information on different characteristics of the people of India, is conducted on the basis of the Census Act of 1948. Census 2021 will take into account the findings of the NPR.
 
The Census 2021 will be done in two phases. In the first, the work of house-listing or housing Census will be conducted from April to September 2020. In the second, the enumeration of the population will be done from February 9 to February 28, 2021, with reference moment as 00:00 hours of March 1, 2021.
 
For snow-bound areas in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, the reference date will be October 1, 2020.

Latest Updates on National Population Register (NPR)

Census, National Population Register unlikely in 2020 due to Covid-19

4 min read Last Updated :Aug 30 2020 | 5:05 PM IST
Image
Coronavirus impact: Centre postpones process of updating NPR, Census 2021

3 min read Last Updated :Mar 26 2020 | 1:43 AM IST
Image
No document to be collected during NPR update, says Nityanand Rai

2 min read Last Updated :Mar 18 2020 | 6:48 PM IST
Image
Riot and riposte: Govt's explanation in Parliament was disingenuous

3 min read Last Updated :Mar 16 2020 | 6:40 AM IST
Image
No one will be marked 'doubtful' in any column during NPR exercise: Shah

6 min read Last Updated :Mar 13 2020 | 8:30 AM IST
Image
Preparations for Census, NPR at peak; exercise to begin from April 1

2 min read Last Updated :Mar 06 2020 | 8:59 AM IST
Image
Economists, social scientists call for delinking of Census 2021, NPR

9 min read Last Updated :Mar 05 2020 | 2:14 PM IST
Image
After the riots

3 min read Last Updated :Mar 06 2020 | 2:42 PM IST
Image
Sonia deputes 5-member team to visit riot-affected areas, submit report

1 min read Last Updated :Feb 28 2020 | 2:55 PM IST
Image
Anti-CAA protests: Prohibitory notices issued to 4,000 people in Aligarh

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 28 2020 | 10:38 AM IST
Image
In pics: Northeast Delhi violence that claimed more than 30 lives

3 min read Last Updated :Mar 06 2020 | 3:06 PM IST
Image
After 2 days and 27 lost lives, brittle quiet prevails in riot-hit Delhi

7 min read Last Updated :Mar 06 2020 | 3:05 PM IST
Image
SC to hear Shaheen Bagh matter on March 23; asks people to cool down

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 26 2020 | 12:26 PM IST
Image
CAA violence: CBSE postpones board exams in northeast Delhi

13 min read Last Updated :Mar 06 2020 | 2:52 PM IST
Image
Frames per Second: Chilli flakes and resistance

6 min read Last Updated :Feb 07 2020 | 6:11 PM IST
Image
SC to hear plea to clear Shaheen Bagh anti-CAA protest site on Feb 7

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 06 2020 | 8:54 PM IST
Image
Congress, AAP giving 'moral support' to anti-CAA stir at Shaheen Bagh: BJP

2 min read Last Updated :Mar 06 2020 | 2:52 PM IST
Image
Anti-CAA protests in Shaheen Bagh not coincidental but experimental: PM

4 min read Last Updated :Feb 06 2020 | 8:56 PM IST
Image
Man opens fire in Shaheen Bagh area, taken into police custody; no casualty

1 min read Last Updated :Feb 06 2020 | 8:56 PM IST
Image
Govt ready to talk to Shaheen Bagh protesters but in structured way: Prasad

2 min read Last Updated :Feb 06 2020 | 8:58 PM IST
Image