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How Birla's win in the battle for Binani reshapes India's bankruptcy focus

The order will probably set a precedent for other companies in insolvency proceedings and may jeopardize the 270-day timeline laid down to resolve such cases

Upmanyu Trivedi | Bloomberg 

Kumar Mangalam Birla
Kumar Mangalam Birla

Billionaire Birla’s victory in a courtroom battle for an indebted cement company will test India’s efforts to create a time-bound process to resolve one of the world’s biggest piles of stressed assets.

The Supreme Court on Monday upheld a lower tribunal’s verdict approving Birla’s $1.1 billion offer for indebted Ltd. Birla’s UltraTech Cement Ltd. had lost out initially to a bid from a Bain Capital Credit-backed consortium, only to return with an upgraded proposal that was challenged as being late and made once the details of the rival offer were known.

The top court’s brief order Monday found “no infirmity” with last week’s ruling in favor of Birla, making maximum recovery a priority of India’s two-year-old bankruptcy law and reducing the focus on predictability and timeliness. The order will probably set a precedent for other in insolvency proceedings and may jeopardize the 270-day timeline laid down to resolve such cases. The law has helped India jump more than 50 positions in the World Bank’s ease of doing business ranking.

ALSO READ: SC rejects Dalmia's plea, allows UltraTech to take over Binani Cement

“It is patently clear that if value maximization becomes the focal point of consideration for the insolvency resolution process, then the time-bound process -- as envisaged under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code -- would never be adhered to,” Rajat Prakash, the founding partner of Delhi-based Athena Legal, which deals with insolvencies, said before the decision was handed down.

Maximum Value

In its previous rulings, India’s Supreme Court has tightened timelines and emphasized that speed is crucial to the success of the 2016 law, which replaced a web of archaic rules, some 100 years old.

In the case, a consortium that included Ltd. and a Bain Capital-backed fund was first selected by lenders to acquire the distressed firm. A legal challenge was lodged by a Dalmia group company when UltraTech’s revised offer was approved.

ALSO READ: NCLAT approves UltraTech's revised bid for debt-ridden Binani Cement

The appellate tribunal for bankruptcy cases rejected Dalmia’s case on Nov. 14 and approved UltraTech’s plan. “The purpose of resolution is for maximization of value of assets of the corporate debtor and thereby for all creditors,” it said.

Ultratech’s bid amounted to 84 billion rupees ($1.2 billion), including interest, and was 12 billion rupees higher than the rival bid, former Attorney General for India Mukul Rohatgi, a lawyer for UltraTech, told the top court on Monday. The company agreed to clear all the dues of secured, unsecured and operational creditors, along with 10 percent interest, he said.

The complete recovery of loan dues “is the object of the insolvency code,” said Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, a lawyer for the lenders panel.

Ongoing Cases

The top court’s decision may impact ongoing proceedings involving India Ltd. and & Steel Ltd. -- two of the biggest steel assets on the block.

Steel tycoon Lakshmi Mittal’s won the consent of Essar Steel’s lenders to take over the mill, though a last-minute offer by the founding family to pay off all debts may pose a hurdle to final approval when the case comes up on Nov. 28.

Separately, a Delhi bench will decide on the merit of Ltd.’s winning bid for on Dec. 3. Rival bidder Ltd. claims JSW was wrongly allowed to revise bids higher and the insolvency process has been compromised.

Allowing late bids can hurt efficiency as “bids can keep getting revised and there can be no finality to the process,” India’s former Solicitor General Gopal Subramanium, who represented the Dalmia group company contesting Birla’s bid, said before the ruling.

To contact the reporter on this story: Upmanyu Trivedi in New Delhi at

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First Published: Tue, November 20 2018. 10:41 IST