The apex court had earlier directed that the iron
ore produced in Karnataka
should be domestically consumed. This means independent pellet plants and beneficiation plants would cater only to the domestic iron
and steel industry.
Its earlier plea was disallowed in 2014 as it would have caused a severe shortage of raw material as iron ore
production in Karnataka was not enough that time. The SC had set the minimum capacity at 25 MT (million tonnes). However, the capacity has now crossed 35 MT with 8 C Category mines expected to add more volume. Therefore, Fimi has re-appealed the court to allow the export of pellets from Karnataka.
SC ruling would have a serious impact on KIOCL, whose fate changed when it was asked to shut down the iron ore
mine in Kudremukh in 2005. KIOCL
had been operating only the EOU (Export Oriented Unit) in Mangalore converting iron ore
sourced from NMDC’s Karnataka mines to pellets till 2011.
The directions requiring domestic consumption meant that KIOCL
could not source material from nearby mines, including NMDC, for its EOU. Its attempt to find alternate sources like Goa
was also affected by the ban on mining
operations in Goa.
After the apex court's order in 2011 barring export of pellets from Karnataka, KIOCL has been forced to procure iron ore from states like Chattisgarh and high-cost imports from Brazil.
It is ironical that in a state with billions of tonnes of iron ore reserves, a public sector undertaking like KIOCL is forced to import ore wasting precious Forex, says a leading miner.
With domestic prices of iron ore being lower than imported ones by almost Rs 1,600/MT, at full volume of 3.2MT, KIOCL will save almost Rs 55 billion in sourcing iron ore, says an official.
With the capacity now exceeding 35MT and with tight monitoring and control systems for iron ore movement preventing any illegal mining, it is widely expected that some ease will flow through in the way of doing business.