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US: Minorities bear disproportionate burden from air pollution, study suggests

ANI 

According to a recent study, Black and Americans population bear a disproportionate burden from caused mainly by non-white Americans.

As part of the study, researchers tried to quantifies for the first time the racial gap between who causes and who breathes it.

Poor air quality is one of the largest environmental risks in the Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution is especially harmful and is responsible for more than 100,000 deaths each year from heart attacks, strokes, lung cancer and other diseases.

But not everyone is equally exposed to poor air quality, nor are all people equally responsible for causing it.

Researchers found that PM2.5 pollution is disproportionately caused by the consumption of goods and services by the non-white majority, but disproportionately inhaled by black and Hispanic minorities.

In the report, researchers linked exposure to the consumption activities that cause it in order to explore "pollution inequity" -- the difference between the environmental damage caused by a racial-ethnic group and the damage that group experiences.

"Our work is at the intersection of many important and timely topics such as race, inequality, affluence, environmental justice and environmental regulation," said Jason Hill, of the study published in the Journal of

According to the study, on average, non-Hispanic whites experience a "pollution advantage," meaning they experience approximately 17 percent less air pollution exposure than is caused by their consumption.

Black and Hispanic populations, however, bear a "pollution burden." On average, blacks are exposed to about 56 percent more PM2.5 pollution than is caused by their consumption. For Hispanics, it is slightly higher -- 63 percent.

The pollution inequity metric is driven by disparities in the amount of goods and services that groups consume, and in exposure to the resulting pollution. These disparities are influenced by longstanding societal trends, such as income inequality and political representation.

Because white Americans consume greater amounts of pollution-intensive goods and services, they are responsible for the creation of more PM2.5 pollution than other racial groups. Further, American blacks and Hispanics tend to live in locations with higher PM2.5 concentrations than white Americans, increasing their average daily exposure to the pollution.

In the U.S., a racial pattern in where people live often reflects conditions from decades earlier, such as racial segregation.

"Similar to previous studies, we show that racial-ethnic minorities are exposed to more pollution on average than non-Hispanic whites. What is new is that we find that those differences do not occur because minorities on average cause more pollution than whites -- in fact, the opposite is true," said

The has made strides to reduce air pollution across the country and for all ethnic groups. Average PM2.5 exposure declined approximately 50 percent between 2003 and 2015, but pollution inequity has remained high over that same period. This study is the first to quantify pollution inequity and to track it over time.

Researchers say their pollution inequity metric can be applied to other types of environmental burdens, providing a simple and intuitive way for policymakers and the public to see the disparity between the pollution that population groups cause and the pollution to which they are exposed.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Tue, March 12 2019. 18:18 IST
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