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Socio-economic status may affect patients with anal cancer

IANS  |  New York 

Researchers have found that patients with anal cancer, living in low median household income areas are at an increased of early death.

According to the researchers, of the anus (SCCA) accounts for 8,200 new cases and more than 1,000 cancer-related deaths in the US annually.

"Our findings reveal that US residents who have anal and live in areas of poverty have worse survival than those who live in more affluent areas, even after accounting for differences in age, stage, and race," said of the study, from

For the study, published in the journal Cancer, researchers examined whether area-based median household income predicts survival of patients with SCCA.

Their analysis included 9,550 patients with SCCA from 2004-2013 listed in the US Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry.

Socio-economic status was defined by census-tract median household income level, and divided into quintiles.

The researchers found that patients living in areas with lower median household income had worse overall survival and cancer-specific survival compared with those in highest income areas.

From the lowest to the higher income levels, the of dying was 32 per cent, 31 per cent, 19 per cent and 16 per cent higher for patients when compared with patients in the very highest quintile of median household income.

When considering only deaths due to cancer, increased risks ranged from 34 per cent down to 22 per cent for the lowest to higher incomes.

Other factors such as older age, black race, male gender, unmarried status, earlier year of diagnosis, higher grade, and later stage were also associated with worse cancer-specific survival.

"To provide high for all, it will be important to get a better understanding of the factors limiting the successful treatment of anal cancer," Becker added.



(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Mon, March 12 2018. 14:06 IST