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India's health check

NFHS points to new demographic challenges

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According to Oxfam, nine out of 10 people in underdeveloped countries will miss out on a vaccine in 2021. Photographer: Prashanth Vishwanathan/Bloomberg

Business Standard Editorial Comment
The fifth edition of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5) offers clues to the future direction of policy-making that, if read correctly, could help India maximise a shortening window of demographic opportunity that is open to it. The headline finding — that for the first time the proportion of women exceeded men at 1,020 against 1,000 —is heartening, not least because it reverses and improves on previous trends. In the 2005-06 NFHS, the ratio had been at parity before declining sharply to 991:1,000 in the 2015-16 NFHS, a period that saw India grow more prosperous. The marginal improvement in the

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First Published: Nov 25 2021 | 10:53 PM IST

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