A few weeks earlier, Paytm
had started charging its customers a two per cent fee for adding money to the wallet using their credit cards.
However, the mobile wallet company withdrew the fee after a week, saying it would cause inconvenience to a large section of their customers.
So, how does one transfer credit card money
into a bank account via an e-wallet? The mechanism is quite simple. A user sends money to the wallet through his credit card, say Rs 15,000. Well-established mobile wallets such as Paytm, MobiKwik
allow funds in the wallet to be sent to any bank account. All the person has to do is enter his account number and the National Electronic Funds Transfer
(NEFT) code. He can send the entire Rs 15,000 to any bank account he wishes to.
Most wallet companies don’t allow transfer of funds immediately. One can send the money to a bank account only after 48 hours. The best part: There are no charges on deposit or on withdrawal of money from the wallet. The wallet provider bears the cost.
It’s a smart way to get a hassle-free loan. An individual does not need to fill up an application form, share documents, wait for the approval, and so on. There’s no fear of rejection because of a low credit score. It can also be at zero cost if the person pays back the issuer before the due date. To many, it may look line an easy credit line, but it’s not.
A few do it to earn points on their credit card without actually spending on anything. But banks have to report to the income-tax
(I-T) department all users who spend over Rs 2 lakh on their credit cards
annually. If your income doesn’t justify such spending, the tax authorities could call you to explain the source of money.
Wallets players are watching: Mobile wallet companies absorb the transaction cost levied by banks, as they are focusing on acquiring new customers and on making their services popular. They want users to transact using their wallets and not use it as a medium to rotate money. They have started analysing the spending patterns of users and blocking those who are using their wallets for “unintended purposes”.
“We use algorithms, machine learning and other technologies to understand the spending patterns of users. The technology platform gets smarter every day. Narrowing down on users who are rotating money and blocking them is not difficult,” says Daman Soni, vice-president (growth), MobiKwik.
He further explains that when the company studied spending patterns, it realised that many users who added money from their credit card to their wallet and then transferred the funds to their bank account were first-timers trying to understand how the platform works.
Deepak Abbot, senior vice-president at Paytm, says the company constantly monitors all such activities and based on its algorithm restricts such behaviour. “We have several parameters to analyse the behaviour of such customers,” says Abbot.
Limits are low:
Wallet accounts with limited Know Your Customer (KYC) have a transaction limit of just Rs 20,000. Only a few individuals would genuinely need such little amounts of cash. Even then they can swipe their credit cards
at most places. Also, the cash is not instantly transferred from the wallet to the bank account. It takes around three working days and sometimes more. Accounts that are fully KYC compliant can store up to Rs 1 lakh.
Many users try to create different wallet accounts and transfer money from one wallet to the other and vice versa so that it appears as if the money was sent by a third party. This way the rotation does not happen from the same wallet, and they can also withdraw higher amounts of cash. But wallet companies claim they can still narrow down on such customers, as they segment them based on spending. In certain cases, first-time users are allowed to transfer only a limited amount (up to Rs 5,000) using their credit card. They can also limit the funds that can be withdrawn.
Wallet operators say it’s not just they who study the spending patterns, even the credit card issuers do it. The issuing bank can also take steps to avoid rotation of money.
If you don’t repay on time:
While it appears to be a smart move, it can spell disaster if you don’t pay back on time the money taken from the credit card. Interest rates on credit cards
are between three and four per cent a month. For every month of delay you will incur a huge cost. A personal loan would work out to be much cheaper than rotating money on the card.
“An individual can use a credit card for most of his spends. Only those who don’t have control over their finances go for this option. These are usually individuals aged between 23 and 27 years, who have recently come into the job market,” says Malhar Majumder, a Kolkata-based financial planner. Such individuals should focus on getting their finances in place.
He also points out that there are no investment products that can give an individual decent returns in the 45-to-50-day free credit period. If you invest Rs 1 lakh in a liquid fund, you will make around Rs 400-500 net of tax. The hassle you have to go through to earn this money is not justified. Even mutual funds investments above a certain limit in a year are reported to I-T authorities.
1. Funds are transferred from card to wallet
2. Stays in the wallet for 48 hours
3. Then sent to a bank account