What are Academy Awards or Oscars?

Academy Awards

What are Academy Awards or Oscars?
What are Academy Awards or Oscars?
Commonly known as Oscars, it is a prestigious award that recognises personalities with artistic and technical merit in the movie industry. It is presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. It was founded in 1927, but the presentation was first started in 1929, and winners since then receive a gold-plated statuette commonly called Oscar.
The award plays an important role in the rise of the winner significantly as he or she gets better work offers, pay hike, and media recognition.
The event takes place in Dolby Theatre in Los Angeles, California.

Academy awards categories

The winners are chosen from 24 categories:
  1. Best Picture
  2. Best Actor
  3. Best Actress
  4. Best Supporting Actor
  5. Best Supporting Actress
  6. Best Director
  7. Best Original Screenplay
  8. Best Adapted Screenplay
  9. Best Cinematography
  10. Best Production Design
  11. Best Editing
  12. Best Original Score
  13. Best Original Song
  14. Best Costume Design
  15. Best Makeup and Hairstyling
  16. Best Sound Mixing
  17. Best Sound Editing
  18. Best Visual Effects
  19. Best Foreign Language Film
  20. Best Animated Feature Film
  21. Best Animated Short
  22. Best Live Action Short
  23. Best Documentary Feature
  24. Best Documentary Short
In order to be eligible, a film has to be exhibited in a theatre for at least a week in Los Angeles. The exceptions to this are foreign-language movies, which are submitted by their country of origin and need not be featured in the US. The documentaries and short films are officially submitted by their producers, whereas the music category needs the artiste to submit a form to participate.


The members of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences can only nominate and vote for the winners. As a film production is divided into various branches for its making, the nominees are chosen by the members of the branch. To determine the best picture, the entire academy panel nominates and votes.


The Academy Award presentation was first broadcast in the US in 1953 and internationally in 1969. It is considered a major happening in the film fraternity across the globe and is watched by millions.
As it kept gaining popularity, the red carpet interviews and presentations became an integral part of the event.


The credit for the design of the award statue goes to Cedric Gibbons, the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer art director. Earlier, it was cast in bronze with gold plating and later, was made of plastic because of the shortage of metal during World War II. Currently, the statues are made of gold-plated britannium, which stands 13.5 inches and weighs 3.8 kg.
The true origin of the nickname "Oscar" has never been determined as there have been many stories attached to various sources.

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