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What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

SCO

About SCO

What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation. Having begun as the Shanghai Five in 1996 by the leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, it was rechristened as the SCO in 2001. The SCO entered into force on 19 September 2003.
 
The aim of SCO is to establish cooperation between member nations on:
 
  • Security-related concerns
  • Resolving border issues
  • Military cooperation
  • Intelligence sharing
  • Countering terrorism
  • Countering American influence in Central Asia
 
Members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
 
Apart from the founding members, Uzbekistan joined the group later as a permanent member. India and Pakistan are the newest inclusion to the Organisation and it added another 1.45 billion people in the SCO making the group cover around 40 per cent of the global population. Both these nations signed the memoranda for becoming a permanent member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation in 2016.
 
The eight permanent members of the SCO are:
 
  • China
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Russia
  • Tajikistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • India
  • Pakistan
 
The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO
 
The current Council of Heads of State consists of:
 
  • Ram Nath Kovind (India)
  • Vladimir Putin (Russia)
  • Xi Jinping (China)
  • Shavkat Mirziyoyev (Uzbekistan)
  • Arif Alvi (Pakistan)
  • Sooronbai Jeenbekov (Kyrgyzstan)
  • Emomali Rahmon (Tajikistan)
  • Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (Kazakhstan)
SCO summits
 
Members of the SCO meet once a year and adopt decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organisation.
 
Why India's membership to SCO matters?
 
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation is seen as an eastern counter-balance to NATO. With India being its member, it will allow the country to push effective action in combating terrorism and on issues related to security.
 
With the presence of India and China, the world's most populous countries, SCO is now the organisation that has the largest population coverage.
 

Latest Updates on SCO

CJI Chandrachud holds bilateral meeting with Uzbekistan's chief justice

1 min read Last Updated :May 24 2024 | 12:44 PM IST
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3 min read Last Updated :Jul 04 2023 | 5:00 PM IST
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India not a security threat, unlikely to catch up in defence sector: China

2 min read Last Updated :Jun 05 2023 | 4:36 PM IST
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Decision to host SCO summit in virtual mode based on various factors: MEA

2 min read Last Updated :Jun 02 2023 | 7:41 PM IST
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India to host Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit virtually on July 4

3 min read Last Updated :May 30 2023 | 10:43 PM IST
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SCO digital ministers adopt India's proposal to adopt digital public infra

2 min read Last Updated :May 13 2023 | 4:03 PM IST
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Defence ministers of Russia, China may attend SCO meet in India next week

2 min read Last Updated :Apr 22 2023 | 11:06 PM IST
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SCO countries bound by thought, philosphy of Buddhism: Meenakashi Lekhi

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SCO countries imply urgent need for inclusive government in Afghanistan

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