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What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)


About SCO

What is Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a Eurasian political, economic and military organisation. Having begun as the Shanghai Five in 1996 by the leaders of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, it was rechristened as the SCO in 2001. The SCO entered into force on 19 September 2003.
The aim of SCO is to establish cooperation between member nations on:
  • Security-related concerns
  • Resolving border issues
  • Military cooperation
  • Intelligence sharing
  • Countering terrorism
  • Countering American influence in Central Asia
Members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
Apart from the founding members, Uzbekistan joined the group later as a permanent member. India and Pakistan are the newest inclusion to the Organisation and it added another 1.45 billion people in the SCO making the group cover around 40 per cent of the global population. Both these nations signed the memoranda for becoming a permanent member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation in 2016.
The eight permanent members of the SCO are:
  • China
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Russia
  • Tajikistan
  • Uzbekistan
  • India
  • Pakistan
The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO
The current Council of Heads of State consists of:
  • Ram Nath Kovind (India)
  • Vladimir Putin (Russia)
  • Xi Jinping (China)
  • Shavkat Mirziyoyev (Uzbekistan)
  • Arif Alvi (Pakistan)
  • Sooronbai Jeenbekov (Kyrgyzstan)
  • Emomali Rahmon (Tajikistan)
  • Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (Kazakhstan)
SCO summits
Members of the SCO meet once a year and adopt decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organisation.
Why India's membership to SCO matters?
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation is seen as an eastern counter-balance to NATO. With India being its member, it will allow the country to push effective action in combating terrorism and on issues related to security.
With the presence of India and China, the world's most populous countries, SCO is now the organisation that has the largest population coverage.

Latest Updates on SCO

CJI Chandrachud holds bilateral meeting with Uzbekistan's chief justice

1 min read Last Updated :May 24 2024 | 12:44 PM IST
Monster of terrorism must be fought with full vigour, conviction: Pak PM

3 min read Last Updated :Jul 04 2023 | 5:00 PM IST
India not a security threat, unlikely to catch up in defence sector: China

2 min read Last Updated :Jun 05 2023 | 4:36 PM IST
Decision to host SCO summit in virtual mode based on various factors: MEA

2 min read Last Updated :Jun 02 2023 | 7:41 PM IST
India to host Shanghai Cooperation Organisation summit virtually on July 4

3 min read Last Updated :May 30 2023 | 10:43 PM IST
SCO digital ministers adopt India's proposal to adopt digital public infra

2 min read Last Updated :May 13 2023 | 4:03 PM IST
Defence ministers of Russia, China may attend SCO meet in India next week

2 min read Last Updated :Apr 22 2023 | 11:06 PM IST
India to host SCO-National Security Advisors meet; Pak, China may join

3 min read Last Updated :Mar 29 2023 | 7:56 AM IST
SCO countries bound by thought, philosphy of Buddhism: Meenakashi Lekhi

3 min read Last Updated :Mar 16 2023 | 7:36 AM IST
Jaishankar underlines territorial integrity while pitching SCO connectivity

2 min read Last Updated :Nov 01 2022 | 7:21 PM IST
SCO-RATS decides to counter terrorist groups operating from Afghanistan

2 min read Last Updated :Oct 14 2022 | 2:58 PM IST
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3 min read Last Updated :Sep 23 2022 | 10:24 PM IST
India's international canvas

3 min read Last Updated :Sep 18 2022 | 9:28 PM IST
India deepens strategic autonomy-bonds with SCO, IPEF and Russia

3 min read Last Updated :Sep 17 2022 | 3:39 PM IST
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4 min read Last Updated :Sep 16 2022 | 11:08 PM IST
Inter-governmental panel on the cards to resolve Chabahar Port row

3 min read Last Updated :Sep 13 2022 | 9:36 PM IST
Why Chinese Prez Xi Jinping's Central Asia trip is important: An explainer

5 min read Last Updated :Sep 07 2022 | 5:11 PM IST
Pak PM Sharif likely to meet Chinese Pres Xi during SCO summit: Report

1 min read Last Updated :Aug 17 2022 | 2:44 PM IST
SCO countries imply urgent need for inclusive government in Afghanistan

2 min read Last Updated :Apr 22 2022 | 11:16 AM IST
Why India may not get a sizable role in post-war reconstruction of Ukraine

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