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Auto sales skid 10 months on the trot, new vehicle registrations down 5.4%

Industry cites tight liquidity, dealyed monsoon; dealer inventories brought down with some help from manufacturers

T E Narasimhan  |  Chennai 

cars, automobiles
Liquidity continues to be a worry for both, customers and dealers

sales have encountered speedbreakers for the tenth month in a row, as overall new vehicle registration dropped by 5.4 per cent year-on-year this June.

Commercial vehicle sales were down 19.3 per cent, two-wheelers took a five per cent hot, while (PVs) declined by 4.6 per cent in June 2019. SIAM's recently released wholesale data stated that domestic declined by 17.54 per cent.

Ashish Harsharaj Kale, president, Federation of Dealers Associations (FADA), the apex retail industry body, said that despite starting the month on a positive note, sales ended up declining due to continued liquidity tightness and a much-delayed monsoon.

He added that while inquiry levels were quite strong, conversion was affected on continued weak consumer sentiment due to which purchases were postponed across all segments.

Liquidity continues to be a worry for both, customers and dealers, with the latter facing working capital issues. With NBFCs and banks remaining cautious, normalcy in lending. which is needed to get the industry back on the growth path, still cannot be seen.

Inventory levels

The average PV inventory came down to 30-35 days in June, from 35-40 days in May 2019, but rose for two-wheelers to 60-65 days from 55-60 days. Average CV inventory was 55-60 days in June, as against 45-50 days in May.

Major CV makers, such as Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland, have decided to halt production temporarily owing to weak demand and outlook for the industry.

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FADA said PV makers continued to reduce wholesale billing to dealers, and regulated production in June, in order to help dealers bring down high inventory.

With the current trend continuing for a few more weeks, PV inventory will, for the first time since the downturn, come down to healthy levels of around four weeks across many geographies and heading towards the FADA recommended and requested levels of 21 days or three weeks.

This will help dealers manage their viability and profitability better.


FADA is optimistic about the growth story of Indian for the next decade and beyond. Kale said the current situation, though worrisome, is temporary as fundamentals remain strong.

However, the near-term outlook of 4-6 months is expected to remain negative, says FADA. This is mainly due to delayed monsoon in June, uneven spread in the first half of July and persistence of tight liquidity conditions.

Measures such as partial or temporary reduction of GST, scrappage policy and liquidity easing will bring the industry back on to growth trajectory, he added.

Vehicle sales across categories hit roadblocks
Category June 2019 June 2018 May 2019 YoY (%) MoM (%)
Two-wheelers 13,24,822 13,94,770 14,14,236 -5.0% -6.3%
Three-wheelers 48,447 49,837 51,133 -2.8% -5.3%
Commercial vehicles 48,752 60,378 62,533 -19.3% -22.0%
Passenger vehicles 2,24,755 2,35,539 2,53,529 -4.6% -11.3%
Total 16,46,776 17,40,524 17,81,431 -5.4% -7.6%

First Published: Tue, July 16 2019. 13:45 IST