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Explained: Why did the victorious Chinese army withdraw in 1962?

The PLA faced the unappealing prospect of fighting US-equipped Indian forces without a route of withdrawal across the Himalayas

Topics
China | Chinese army | Assam

Ajai Shukla 



Chinese army 1962
Chinese troops had marched in and distributed themselves between villages, with individual units charged with administering specific juri­sdictions

Sixty years ago, on November 21, 1962, with advancing Chinese columns virtually on the outskirts of Tezpur and the Indian Army in full retreat, Beijing unexpectedly decla­red a unilateral ceasefire and undertook to withdraw its forces 20 kilometres (km) behind the McMahon Line. This amounted to a declaration of victory, riding on the People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) October attack on the handful of Indian soldiers of 7 Infantry Brigade, which was deployed on the Namka Chu River north of Tawang.

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First Published: Mon, November 21 2022. 22:26 IST

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