Raising doubts over farm loan waivers, it said instead of such write-offs, schemes like Telengana’s Rythu Bandhu and Odisha’s KALIA should be analysed to give support to distressed farmers.
He said India has a platform to provide direct benefit transfer through Aadhaar but an analysis has to be done on how to implement UBI in the most efficient way.
He said if subsidies are rationalised, then UBI is a step in the right direction.
Asked if there was a stress on fiscal deficit, Yokoyama said ADB has no doubt about the government meeting the target.
"I think a clear framework is there and mandate given under the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act. We don't have any doubt over it," he said. The Centre has budgeted to contain fiscal deficit at 3.3 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP) in the current fiscal year, lower than 3.5 per cent in 2017-18.
Last month, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley exuded confidence in meeting the fiscal deficit target.
Pointing out that farm debt waivers are against economic principles and cannot effectively address the agrarian distress, YokoYama said most people are sceptical about it as an economic principle and it has moral hazards.
"There is a need to address agriculture sector distress... but economic principle wise, farm loan waiver is not an effective means to address farm distress," he said.
He said experts and Jaitley had expressed reservations over farm debt waiver and that it could be a political option, but is a short-term solution economically.
Rather schemes given by Telangana and Odisha need to be analysed for their effectiveness, he said.
Earlier this week, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das said any generalised farm loan waiver adversely impacts the credit culture and the behaviour of borrowers, amid various states announcing waivers. He said loan waiver is related to the fiscal space that a particular state government has.
About Rs 1.47 trillion of agricultural loans are outstanding in Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh, which announced waivers recently.
On ADB's lending to India, he said, "The funding (to India) could increase to roughly $4.5 billion in 2019."
He said $3.5 billion would be towards sovereign side and $1 billion for the private sector.
ADB committed $3.03 billion in sovereign loans to India in 2018, the highest-ever annual lending commitment, he said, adding that $557 million loan was for the private sector.
The funding depends on the readiness of the projects in the country, Yokoyama added.