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After anti-dumping duty, US hits shrimp exporters with non-tariff barrier

Shrimps included in Seafood Import Monitoring Program, which tracks imported seafood in order to thwart dubious fishing activity

Nirmalya Behera  |  Bhubaneswar 


In order to discourage imports to the US, the administration has imposed a by including shrimps in the (SIMP) which may hurt exports from India. The US is the largest market for USD five billion Indian seafood sector.

Earlier US imposed Although this duty on India was not high, India was exporting to US via Vietnam which was facing steel hike in anti-dumping from India. Even EU had said that India should monitor primary production of before exporting to EU.

requires traceability information on imported seafood from point of capture to point of first sale in the US in order to thwart Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing activity. will come into effect from January 1, 2019.

Inclusion of in the has come a double whammy for the Indian exporters as US has recently enhanced the raised the (preliminary) by 25.39 per cent for Vietnam from 4.8 per cent last year. India largely exports block frozen shrimp to Vietnam for reprocessing and forward shipment to its customer countries like China, EU, Japan and USA.

Indian exporters are already battling with the lower international shrimp prices due to the glut supply.

"SIMP is a kind of the on the USA being the largest market for Indian exports, the exports is likely to hit. The move of the Trump administration may be to provide the domestic players a level playing field.

SIMP will discourage new exporters for making ways to the US", said an exporter.

In recent years, have been driven by shrimps, revenue from which grew at 21 per cent and 31 per cent in fiscals 2017 and 2018.

After anti-dumping duty, US hits shrimp exporters with non-tariff barrier

According to Crisil, the US, the world's leading seafood importer, accounted for 31 per cent of India's exports last fiscal, and for 28 per cent of Vietnam's.

Over the past five years, to the US have clocked 26 per cent CAGR. The US is also is the largest importer of Indian shrimps. Last year, 27 per cent of US shrimp imports were from India. It is also a significant export market for Vietnam, which is the second-largest export destination for India - as 28 per cent of India's exports are directed to Vietnam and 17 per cent of Vietnam's exports are directed to the US.

Hence, any change in trade policies by the US, concerning India or Vietnam, could impact Indian exports, the report of the rating agency said.

has predicted that US shrimp export realisations (in dollar terms), that account for 70 per cent of export value, are expected to fall 10 per cent in fiscal 2019 due to increased production of Vannamei shrimps in India and other key exporting countries, and slower offtake from the US.

Families in US shrimp communities across the Gulf and South Atlantic are elated that our senators added traceability and real scrutiny of imported shrimp to the Omnibus Appropriations legislation. Even though shrimp is the largest imported seafood product, it was left out of a December 2016 traceability program that included most other species, said David Veal, Executive Director of the American Shrimp Processor Association (ASPA).

First Published: Wed, May 16 2018. 00:39 IST