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Rice production likely to drop 6.7 mn tonnes this kharif, lowest in 2 yrs

This will be the lowest output in two years, according to first estimate

RICE | Kharif season | Kharif grain production

Sanjeeb Mukherjee  |  New Delhi 

Paddy continued to remain the biggest of all crops that has witnessed a drop in acreage with very little chance of any big improvement

Production of in the ongoing is expected to be almost 6.05 per cent less than the same period last year at 104.99 million tonnes. This is according to the first advance estimate of agriculture production for the 2022-23 crop year (July-June) released on Wednesday.

production in the 2021-22 was a record 111.76 million tonnes. If the numbers hold firm, then this will be the lowest production during since the 2020-21 crop year.

Production is expected to be down due to drought-like conditions in main growing regions of East India, namely UP, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Production will also be hit because of shifts towards other competing crops in some other states. The drought is not only expected to pull down output but has already started having an impact on the prices. Rates have climbed in anticipation of a shortage.

The only saving grace in case of rice is the central pool stocks, which, as on September 1, were around 24.46 million tonnes. The buffer on October 1 should have been around 10.25 million tonnes. These stocks do not include 10.82 million tonnes of unmilled lying with millers.


The Centre — in a swift move a few weeks back — first imposed a duty of 20 per cent on select rice varieties, and then, imposed a total ban on export of broken rice. In total, India had exported around 21-22 million tonnes of rice in FY23, of which, curbs were placed on export of around 10 million tonnes.

Meanwhile, as a consequence of the drop in rice production, total foodgrains production in 2022-23, according to the first advance estimate, is now expected to be 149.92 million tonnes. This would be down 3.9 per cent from 156.04 million tonnes during the last kharif.

In other kharif crops, production of pulses is projected at 8.37 million tonnes — this is the same as last year. Oilseeds output is estimated at 23.57 million tonnes, which is 1.29 per cent down from 23.88 million tonnes during last kharif. Sugarcane production is projected at 465.04 million tonnes, 7.69 per cent more than 431.81 million tonnes last year.

Cotton production is estimated at 34.19 million bales (1 bale is 170 kg), which is 9.58 per cent more than the 31.20 million tonnes of last kharif season. Jute production is estimated at 10.09 million bales (1 bale is 180 kg), which is 2.13 per cent less than last year's production of 10.31 million bales.

On the sowing front, data from the agriculture ministry showed that till September 16, had been completed in 109.29 million hectares. This is marginally less than the same period last.

continued to remain the biggest of all crops that has witnessed a drop in acreage with very little chance of any big improvement. In some states like Jharkhand, the sowing is woefully low and has reached just 50 per cent of the normal area until September 2.

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First Published: Wed, September 21 2022. 21:07 IST