That Indian companies have forayed into developed markets such as the US and western Europe is known. What isn't is the fact that, companies such as JSW Steel, Tata Power and Srei Infrastructure are now stepping up operations in central Asia and Russia. While JSW Steel has entered into a venture to construct and operate a steel mill in Georgia, Srei Infrastructure has expanded its operations in Moscow to enhance its leasing portfolio and reach more local companies. Tata Tea has acquired controlling stake in a Russian packaging and distribution company.
For these companies, a key challenge is access to low-cost long-term financing, especially in countries perceived as risky. Seshagiri Rao, joint managing director and group chief financial officer, of JSW Steel, said, "JSW Steel wanted to set up a steel plant in eastern Europe to take advantage of the growing demand for steel, but faced difficulties in raising funds. Initially, commercial banks were sceptical and considered it too risky an investment."
It was then that European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) stepped in. The bank, which has an 'AAA' rating, can borrow funds at low rates and use these for projects perceived as risky.
Sunil Kanoria, vice-chairman and non-executive director of Srei Infrastructure Finance, said once EBRD stepped in, "it is easier to get financing because of their validation". The bank has also helped finance Lakshmi Mittal's operations in Kazakhstan, Romania, Ukraine, Macedonia, etc.
Riccardo Puliti, managing director (energy and natural resources), EBRD, said, "There are opportunities for India to export technology, engineering manpower and capital" to central Asia and other parts of the former Soviet Union. "The old Silk Road is culturally and physically close to India. For India, there countries are good neighbours to have," he said at an event here on Monday.
"As Indian companies are increasingly expanding their global footprint, EBRD is a source of long-term funding and providing local knowledge to companies," says Nandita Parshad, director (power and energy utilities), EBRD. "Indian companies could use countries such as Egypt and Romania as a springboard to enter other markets," she adds.
Since 2004, the EU-Egypt association agreement has helped establish a free-trade area, with no tariffs on industrial products and significant concessions on agricultural products. By setting up manufacturing facilities in Egypt, Indian companies can access the European market at zero tariffs in particular product lines.
While the EBRD's operations initially centred on Russian and Western European countries, it expanded these to include Turkey and Mongolia and, recently, West Asia. Though EBRD doesn't operate in India, it partners Indian companies in countries in which it operates.
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