UK and European Union officials are discussing a new proposal to solve the last major hurdle in Brexit talks and soothe the concerns of Prime Minister Theresa May’s Northern Irish allies, according to diplomats familiar with the situation.
Talks are stuck on the issue of the Irish border and a guarantee, or so-called backstop clause in the divorce treaty, which is proving impossible for May’s allies at home to accept. As the UK and EU get closer to a deal, a public announcement on the outcome of the negotiations could be made Monday, an EU official said.
The new proposal is to allow for the transition -- the 21-month grace period that’s due to kick in after Brexit day -- to be extended if needed. That would take the sting out of the Irish backstop by making it less likely that it would ever be invoked.
The UK government had no immediate comment.
May is closing in on a Brexit deal but her compromise over the Irish border is alienating two key groups she needs to keep onside. The Northern Irish Democratic Unionist Party objects to the Irish border solution as it will erect some barriers between the province and the rest of the UK Hardline Brexiteers object to it because it risks keeping the UK tied to EU rules indefinitely.
Arlene Foster, head of the DUP, on Saturday said in an op-ed that she will be in Dublin on Monday for meetings. On Friday, Foster said she met with DUP lawmakers who were “united behind our plan and united in standing firm not just for Northern Ireland but for the Union.”
The trouble with the new proposal is that while it would calm the fears of the DUP -- which props up May’s government -- it risks enraging pro-Brexit members of her party who only reluctantly agreed to any kind of transition in the first place.
The European Commission, which is carrying out the negotiations on behalf of the EU, told diplomats in a private meeting in Luxembourg on Friday that a deal was in sight and talks will continue over the weekend, an EU official said. If there’s progress, it could be announced publicly Monday, according to the official.
UK Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab is considering joining talks in Brussels on Monday, with the possibility of a news conference, a second official said.
Jacob Rees-Mogg, who leads a group of pro-Brexit lawmakers, told Bloomberg that extending transition would be an "expensive mistake," as it would tip the UK into contributing to the next seven-year cycle of the EU budget. Still, his language was less forceful than usual: He has described the transition period as a form of "purgatory" that turns Britain into a "vassal state."
Delicate Political Balance
Under current plans, the transition is to last through the end of 2020 after the UK’s departure from the bloc next March. It effectively keeps the country as a member of the EU in all but name but strips the UK of influence over decision-making. It is designed to give business some stability while the two sides negotiate a broader agreement on future economic and trading relations.
Negotiators are aiming to have an outline deal by next week so that leaders can sign off on a divorce treaty in mid-November. But May briefed her cabinet on Thursday and Brexiteers were not pleased. At least one is considering resigning, according to people familiar with the situation.
What’s the Deal?
It is unclear whether negotiators are considering specifying the length of the transition extension in the Brexit deal or whether it would just refer to the possibility of prolongation in future. The diplomats also cautioned that it is only one of several ideas under consideration to unblock talks.
A longer transition would be controversial for May at home. Pro-Brexit lawmakers who are keen to break free from EU rules were reluctant to agree to the grace period earlier this year. They could likely push back against any attempts to lengthen it. However, government officials have privately indicated for months that the transition period probably won’t be long enough.
(Updates wirth comment from Northern Ireland party in sixth paragraph.)