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US China trade war to benefit some Asian countries; India not one of them

Vietnam is the clear winner from companies switching production from China, followed by Malaysia, Singapore and India

Enda Curran | Bloomberg 

Free trade agreements not undercutting India's exports to China: Study

Asia, at the broad level, will lose from the US-China trade war, but a few countries will emerge as relative winners.

Nomura Holdings Inc. found that a push by companies in the US and China for import substitution towards the rest of Asia will benefit in particular, followed by Japan, Pakistan, and the Philippines, based on its analysis of specific products on the list of tariffs.

At the same time, Vietnam is the clear winner from companies switching production from China, followed by Malaysia, Singapore and India.

"As the saying goes, ‘when two quarrel, the third rejoices’,” analysts including Rob Subbaraman and Trevor Kalcic wrote in a note on Tuesday.

For Inc., has the advantage in automotive production.

The nation is the largest manufacturing center of cars in Southeast Asia, according to the Organization of

“We are positive on Thai baht,” Neeraj Seth, Singapore-based head of at BlackRock, said at a briefing in the island state. “From a relative perspective, is one of the possible beneficiaries of some of these trade tensions which could potentially improve their FDI and balance of payments going into the next few years.”

Laggards

Of the 13 countries in its analysis, Bangladesh, India and South Korea are the least likely to gain from import substitution. benefits least from the diversion of production and foreign direct investment.

  • Nomura’s Import Substitution Index is based on these criteria:
  • Relative specialization in each product
  • Geographical distance of the 13 countries from China and the US
  • The extent that the US and China could produce domestically instead of importing each product
  • Significance of products in China’s and US imports
  • The importance of products in China’s total imports from the US, and vice versa

"The biggest benefit to is likely to come from electronic integrated circuits, liquefied natural gas and communication apparatus," according to Nomura.

There is usually one leading product for others; such as vehicles with only spark-ignition internal combustion reciprocating piston engines in Japan, cotton yarn in Pakistan, units of automatic data processing in Thailand, and electronic integrated circuits in the Philippines, it said.

The bank’s Production Relocation Index factors in these criteria:

  • An export similarity index to measure the extent of overlap in export structures vis-a vis China
  • Qualitative surveys of multinational corporations
  • Nomura’s scorecard of foreign direct investment attractiveness

First Published: Tue, November 20 2018. 12:37 IST
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