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New rabies prophylaxis for humans can treat cattle too: Research

IANS  |  Shimla 

New research by experts based in has shown that the new for prophylaxis, also approved by the WHO, could also be effective in treating cattle bitten by rabid dogs.

This line of treatment has not only proved to be lifesaving for the animals but is also a for prophylaxis, meaning to prevent after a dog bite.

At present, the treatment is to administer five doses of vaccine to the cattle without rabies immunoglobulins, Omesh Kumar Bharti, the of the study told IANS.

is a field epidemiologist with the government here.

The new protocol advocates five injections each comprising 0.2ml of vaccine to be injected intradermally in the middle of the neck and an injection of immunoglobulin into the wound(s) only as was approved last month by the WHO in humans.

The study "Exploring the feasibility of a new low cost intra-dermal pre and prophylaxis protocol in domestic bovine in in district" was done with the collaboration of veterinary experts in and was published this month in of Vaccines.

Co-authors in the research include Uppinder Sharma, who is posted at Jawali town, and Adarsh Kumar, of the in veterinary college at in Palampur.

The idea to evolve a new line of treatment came after the researchers observed that seven of 21 bovines bitten by rabid dogs, who were given intramuscular vaccination, died due to rabies in the Shimla municipality two years ago.

According to the researchers, 150 cattle were tested with this new protocol after they were bitten by the suspected or lab confirmed rabid dogs or mongoose.

The brains of the rabid dogs and mongoose were tested at the (CRI) in Kasauli.

The serum samples of 15 of these animals were sent to the and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) in Bengaluru for determining antibody titers. On day 14, the samples were found to be proactive as per the WHO norms.

Apart from this post exposure prophylaxis, the researchers also developed a new of injecting 0.2ml rabies vaccine to the cattle on the day first, third and seventh with a booster dose of 0.2ml after one year.

The study also suggests to the animal owners to vaccinate the calves when they are four months old and then annually to prevent them from contracting rabies.

(can be contacted at vishal.g@ians.in)

--IANS

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(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Tue, February 13 2018. 19:28 IST
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