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World Brain Tumor Day: 'Curious case' of Yemeni boy gives insight to docs

Press Trust of India  |  New Delhi 

At the age of seven, Yemeni boy weighed barely 16 kg and suffered from a after an "unsuccessful treatment" for brain back in his country.

His family then travelled to India, seeking treatment for the child at a leading private hospital here about two years ago, where doctors described it as "one of the rarest and complicated cases".

On World Day today, doctors at the hospital shared the "curious case" of Emad, who got a new lease of life post a there, but his case is still being monitored online, after he went back to

His case has given a few insights for treatment of brain patients, especially children, they said.

Brain is a life-threatening medical condition which is caused by abnormal growth of brain cells. Not all are cancerous. There are two main types of benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous).

"He (Emad) was severely emaciated weighing only 16 kg at the age of seven (in 2016) apart from being extremely with flexed arms and legs and had extensive lesions all over his skins with multiple episodes of seizures," said Anurag Gupta, at the Hospital, Vasant Kunj.

"What worsened the case was that was suffering from a tumour in the cerebellum with for which he had undergone shunt. However, post his earlier in Yemen, he had developed a critical reaction to medication leading to and ventriculitis (of ventricles in the brain)," he said.

is a condition in which there is an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the brain. Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is a to treat excess CSF in the cavities (ventricles) of the brain (hydrocephalus).

"This was one of the rarest and complicated cases I had come across in my career," Gupta said.

The boy was started on Eptoin as a result he had developed Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a characterised by of the skin and mucous membranes, the hospital said.

was initially treated for his and kept in the intensive care unit (ICU) for nearly a month. Once he recovered from the infection, he underwent the surgery for the tumour and it came back as a "benign pilocytic astrocytoma" -- a that occurs more often in children and young adults, doctors said.

"He is now recovering in and the doctors monitor his condition online," a of the hopsital said.

The exact cause of is still unknown but there are some risk factors which may lead to such as -- age, past medical history, family history, and radiation, said Mukesh Pandey, senior consultant, neuro and department, at the Hospital, Shalimar Bagh.

"If someone ever had brain tumour, then chances of getting it back are more as some are recurring in nature. If anyone's family members is having or ever had brain tumour then chances of you developing brain tumour are high," he said.

Some of the symptoms of brain tumour include persistent headache, seizures, progressive weakness or one-sided paralysis, vision or speech problems and memory problems or behavioural changes, Pandey said.

"Every year over 2,50,000 people are detected with around the globe, accounting for over 2 per cent of all malignancies occurrence," according to Arunima Patel, a city-based doctor.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Fri, June 08 2018. 16:50 IST