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China's poultry giant goes to lab in quest for meatier chickens

Reuters  |  BEIJING 

By Dominique Patton

BEIJING (Reuters) - China's top producer, Guangdong Wen's Ltd, is turning to genetic science to target the country's fast-growing supermarket and fast-sectors.

Wen's is drawing on an and breeding unit to create new varieties of meatier chickens for processing at slaughterhouses to better serve and supermarkets, Wen Pengcheng, a director of the company and its largest shareholder, said in an interview with

That represents a sharp departure from Wen's roots serving local markets, where the animals are sold alive to customers.

"You need a certain weight, the body should look good, the taste must suit people's expectations," he said, describing the chickens the company was aiming for.

If successful, Wen's <300498.SZ> could start eating into the sales of companies like <002299.SZ> that sell chickens bred for their meat efficiency.

Wen's is making the move at a time when its main business, pigs, is suffering from a dramatic slump in prices. Net profits in 2017 fell 42.6 percent to 6.8 billion yuan on revenues of 55.7 billion yuan ($8.70 billion).

Earnings are set to fall further this year amid an oversupply of hogs in the market. First quarter profits were down 4.4 percent to 1.4 billion yuan, and Wen's shares have lost 15 percent of their value since the start of the year.

But despite a price/earnings ratio that lags smaller, more specialised peers like processor Fujian Sunner or the Muyuan Foods, Wen's was big enough to ride out prolonged losses from its pig business, said Chen Lu, at

"There has always been this cyclical volatility," she said, adding that the unit would help to "flatten" the risk.

Wen's is China's of native breeds, also known as yellow-feathered chickens, which account for about 40 percent of the country's poultry market, or 4.7 million tonnes last year.

The slower-growing chickens are preferred over white-feathered broilers bred by global companies for their stronger taste in popular dishes like stewed hen soup, as well as their firmer meat and widely assumed superior nutritional merits.

Wen's plan is to develop native chickens that are meatier as well as being tasty.

Some smaller producers of the native birds, like Hunan Xiangjia Animal Husbandry, already have growing sales in supermarkets and Hunan Xiangjia said processed now accounts for more than half of its sales, or about 646 million yuan during 2017.

Wen's currently sells about 80 percent of its poultry, or around 600 million birds a year, live to markets, said Wen.

A shift into retail by the world's fifth-largest poultry company could have a big impact on the market, said Pan Chenjun, at

"It will definitely impact white meat, with consumers trading up and looking for better tasting product," she said, referring to the white-feathered chickens.

CHILLED

Wen's has been forced to pay more attention to new sales channels. The habit of buying poultry alive to guarantee freshness has made the company vulnerable to market shutdowns during bird flu outbreaks in recent years.

Almost 300 people died during China's worst ever bird flu outbreak last year, many of them workers in the live poultry trade.

Closed markets and a 30 percent drop in poultry prices pushed Wen's 2017 profits down by 46 percent.

Though sales recovered when markets reopened in late spring, markets are expected to face regular closures, with some closing altogether as authorities try to curb the spread of disease.

Demand from such markets will also decline as younger, busy urbanites opt for more convenient channels. "If we can't find a solution, yellow consumption will gradually decrease," said Wen.

HUGE INVESTMENT

Building up sales in new markets will take time. China's slower-growing chickens are more expensive to raise than the broilers imported from global genetics firms to supply companies like Yum Brands' and McDonald's

Crossing native males with faster-growing females could help them compete in China, according to experts from France's Hubbard Breeders, one of the world's top poultry genetics companies, recently acquired by [EWESJA.UL]

But breeding new varieties is an expensive undertaking.

"You may need 10 to 15 years to get somewhere," said Paul van Boekholt, Hubbard's marketing director. He added that another challenge was predicting what the market would want years later.

Sticking to native breeds means it can also avoid the quarantine issues that curbed the imports of breeding chickens needed for white-feathered broilers last year.

Wen's is also looking to France, which has a for yellow chicken meat, Wen said. Demand for slower-growing chicken is increasing in many European markets because of animal welfare concerns.

While those concerns are not so prevalent in China, local tastes are not easily changed.

"We have to slowly cultivate" the market for chilled yellow chickens, said Wen.

Wen's has four slaughterhouses in Guangdong and Zhejiang, another under construction in Jiangsu, and is seeking locations for new projects, he added.

It also wants to boost sales to fast chains like Hong Kong's <0052.HK> that already buy yellow chicken meat, and

"The space to grow in the poultry market is still quite large," Wen said.

(Reporting by Dominique Patton; Editing by Philip McClellan)

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Wed, June 13 2018. 05:59 IST
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