Backed by strong demand from China, flat steel
producers who raised prices
at the beginning of August by up to Rs 3,000, one of the steepest in recent times, are mulling an increase next month.
Though it is not quite clear what the next round of increase would be, it is likely to be over Rs 1,000 a tonne. “The prices
for the next month will be decided shortly,” a producer said.
If hiked by Rs 1,000 a tonne, then domestic hot-rolled coil
would come to around Rs 39,000 a tonne.
Since May, global HRC prices
have moved $100 a tonne to $548.
“While production growth
has remained strong in China
in 2017 so far, apparent domestic consumption, too, has grown more than the earlier expected levels. That, coupled with capacity rationalisation and a possible production
cut during the coming winter season, has led to international steel prices
increasing sharply in the past three months,” Jayanta Roy, senior vice-president, Icra, said.
In the first six months, apparent consumption
increased 2.5 per cent, while production
rose 4.5 per cent. Moreover, China
had set a target of cutting supply by 50 million tonnes. Of which, 42 million tonnes has already been achieved.
The numbers show, unlike the past two years, there is a supply cut but production
is increasing and a lot of it is being absorbed in the home market. The primary reason why prices
went crashing in the past two years was because of cheap imports from China
flooding global markets.
Back home, there is a marginal improvement in the demand scenario. According to Joint Plant Committee data, consumption
grew 4.4 per cent in April-July, compared to three per cent a year ago.
Industry sources, however, pointed out most of the spending was in government capex such as affordable housing, railways, wagons and locomotives and roads. The automobile sector has seen a steady uptrend, though.