Psychological scientist Robert Ackerman of the University of Texas at Dallas and colleagues wanted to examine whether positive interpersonal behaviours in families might also have long-lasting associations with future relationships.
The researchers examined longitudinal data from individuals participating in the Iowa Youth and Families Project.
Family interactions were assessed when the participants were in 7th grade. The interactions were coded for five indicators of positive engagement: listener responsiveness, assertiveness, prosocial behaviour, effective communication, and warmth-support.
Participants who showed and experienced more positive engagement in their families showed more positive engagement in their marriages 17 years later.
Interestingly, their spouses also showed more positive engagement.
Participants who came from families that expressed more positive engagement also expressed less hostility toward their spouses, and their spouses displayed less hostile behaviour toward them.
Greater levels of positive engagement at the family level in adolescence also predicted more relationship satisfaction for both partners.
At a basic level, the findings suggest a link between the family climate in adolescence and marriage quality later in life. The fact that these effects seemed to extend to participants' spouses was especially interesting, researchers said.
"Perhaps one of the most striking results from this work was that the quality of one marital partner's family climate during adolescence was associated with marital outcomes for the other partner," researchers said in a statement.
The study was published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.