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Kerala's post-flood rebuilding efforts get boost from Fitch, S&P's ratings

Kerala is seeking over Rs 150 billion from the World Bank to rebuild itself after the worst deluge in its modern history in August

An aerial view shows partially submerged road at a flooded area in the southern state of Kerala. Photo: Reuters

An aerial view shows partially submerged road at a flooded area in the southern state of Kerala. Photo: Reuters

Press Trust of India Mumbai
In a major boost to its redevelopment efforts, flood-ravaged Kerala Monday got a 'BB' rating with a stable outlook for its long-term foreign and local-currency debt from international rating agency Fitch. 
This is the second global rating for the state after a similar rating by the larger rival S&P on September 20. The ratings will help the state mop up overseas debt instruments at competitive prices. For both the agencies, this is their maiden rating on a state government in the country.
Kerala is seeking over Rs 150 billion from the World Bank to rebuild itself after the worst deluge in its modern history in August, which ravaged the entire state and killed nearly 500 people. The floods lasting a fortnight was the worst in a century after the deluge of 1924. The World Bank had last week pegged the losses from the disaster at over Rs 310 billion.  
Rival agency S&P had in September given a similar rating to the various debt instrument of Kerala, helping it mop up the much-needed funds after the Centre turned down an over Rs 7-billion aid from the UAE and promised only Rs 6 billion from the Central calamity fund.
 
"The ratings reflect Kerala's high political and fiscal hierarchy, adequate policy consistency and execution and sound socioeconomic development in a national context," Fitch said in a note Monday.
The ratings are constrained by Kerala's limited fiscal flexibility due to high committed expenditure and reliance on debt to finance its operating deficit and capital expenditure.
"We do not expect major changes that would alter the political dynamics of the state's interaction with the Centre," it said.
The note further said the emphasis on social goals, particularly in education and healthcare which is on par with the Western world, as part of its socioeconomic development and government's adequate execution and policy consistency, make Kerala a leading state in these sectors.
Kerala has institutionalised financial and debt management policies, a robust budgeting process with regular interim reviews and contingency planning, the report said.
 
It generally meets its fiscal targets and its debt/gross regional product (GRP) averaged at 28 per cent for 2014-2017 against a 30 per cent target for 2015-20 and fiscal deficit/GRP averaged at 3.50 per cent against a target of 3.51 per cent, it added.
Its socioeconomic status reflects its best-in-nation human-development index ranking, which includes a high literacy rate and strong economic performance, the agency said and noted that this follows decades of strong policy execution in social development and welfare, with higher-than-national- average spending on education, healthcare and pensions.
Kerala's GRP per capita in fiscal 2017 was around $2,300, higher than the national average of $1,939 but falling into the low-to-middle income tier if compared globally - the World Bank's lower-to-middle income country average is at $2,188 and the OECD average is $38,148, according to the report.
 
The state's economic growth is driven by construction, transport, storage, communication, trade, tourism and real estate, but has inadequate industrial development, poor private investment and physical infrastructure, and therefore depends heavily on the remittances.
Its current balance/current revenue was -19 per cent in 2014-2017, worse than the national average of -2 per cent and the peer-average of 6 per cent, the report showed.
Its gross deficit/total revenue of 30.9 per cent was also worse than the state average of 23 per cent and its revenue deficit accounts for 62 per cent of gross fiscal deficit against an average of 8 per cent.
"We expect the state's fiscal deficit/GRP to remain at around 3 to 3.4 per cent with a negative current balance during 2018-21," the report warned.
 
However, it was quick to note that the state has better revenue mobilisation and lower reliance on Central transfers than many other states with its own fiscal revenue accounting for 69 per cent of operating revenue during 2014-2017, compared with a state average of 55 per cent.
The agency also said that Kerala has a higher reliance on debt to finance its expenditure gap, reflected in its negative operating and current balance due to the high committed expenditure pressure on healthcare, education and pensions. 

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First Published: Oct 29 2018 | 6:30 PM IST

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