The government plans to strengthen the regulatory framework for the pesticides sector by setting up a Central Pesticides Board and making registration mandatory for all new products.
The proposed board will advise the government on all matters concerning regulation, manufacture, use and disposal of pesticides. A committee will examine the safety aspects of pesticides before registering these.
A new law is proposed to be enacted to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968. A Bill to this effect is already before the Rajya Sabha and was referred to a parliamentary standing committee. This committee has recommended amendment of some provisions of the Pesticide Management Bill, 2008, which are being considered.
The proposed legislation makes it compulsory for all those engaged in the manufacture, sale or any commercial activity involving pesticides to take a licence for doing so. Besides, it lays down criteria for declaring a pesticide as misbranded, sub-standard or spurious. Such pesticides may neither be imported nor manufactured or stocked. The licence may be revoked or suspended on grounds specified in the Bill.
This apart, the Bill provides for collection of pesticides samples by inspectors for testing by analysts to be appointed by the state governments. The inspectors have been empowered to enter and search the premises and examine or seize documents of those engaged in the manufacture and trade.