The government has cautioned against an asset price bubble in emerging markets (EMs), a risk to global growth.
On the sidelines of the annual International Monetary Fund-World Bank meetings in Washington, Finance Secretary Arvind Mayaram recently said there was a situation of rising asset prices in EMs despite low inflation and growth.
Making a presentation during the G-20 deputies’ meeting, Mayaram also batted for more policy coordination to deal with negative spillovers of development in some advanced countries, restore growth and support EM economies. The views were supported by China and Indonesia.
Mayaram said greater synergy would be required in international policy coordination to lift global growth in the next five years. Countries needed to also reduce negative spillovers and risks to the world economy as a whole.
The US Federal Reserve is expected to reverse its easy monetary stance by the start of next year.
When the US central bank signalled last year that it would begin easing its record monetary stimulus, foreign investors pulled $8 billion from rupee-denominated debt, in a move that pushed the currency to an all-time low, according to Bloomberg.
There have been forecasts of lower growth this financial year than estimated earlier. Concerns have been raised about the possibility of asset price bubbles in various sectors such as US stocks and Chinese real estate.
The IMF had last week cut its 2014 global growth forecast to 3.3 per cent from 3.4 per cent. Besides, it warned of possible “widespread disruption” in markets if any downside risks take effect. The Fund was primarily concerned that the liquidity the advanced world’s central banks have been unleashing are primarily invested in speculative assets, rather than productive ones. As growth weakens and as the US Fed tightens the monetary stance, these speculative assets could see price plunging.
Jose Vinals, the IMF’s top financial counsellor, recently said not enough of the easy money pumped into economies by advanced countries’ central banks was going into economic activities that propel growth. Rather, too much was going into financial risk taking that poses challenges to financial stability, he said last week, unveiling the IMF’s newest assessment of financial risks in the world economy.
However, Reserve Bank of India Governor Raghuram Rajan said in Washington on Monday that he was not “overly” worried about any interest rate rise by the Fed.
He said this would create some volatility in EMs but India was better placed than before to deal with the situation due to its high forex reserves, decline of inflation in a substantial way, its fiscal consolidation path and higher growth than in the recent past.