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2019 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali

Abiy was honored for his "efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea"

Terje Solsvik | Reuters  |  Oslo 

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali.

Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the 2019 on Friday for his peacemaking efforts with Eritrea.

and Eritrea, longtime foes who fought a border war from 1998 to 2000, restored relations in July 2018 after years of hostility.

The prize, worth nine million Swedish crowns, or around $900,000, will be presented in Oslo on Dec 10.

"Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali has been awarded this year's for his efforts to achieve peace and cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea," the Norwegian Nobel Committee said in its citation.

"The prize is also meant to recognise all the stakeholders working for peace and reconciliation in and in the East and Northeast African regions," it added.

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At 43, Abiy Ahmed is the youngest head of government in Africa.

"This victory and recognition is a collective win for all Ethiopians, and a call to strengthen our resolve in making - the new horizon of hope - a prosperous nation for all," the prime minister's office said.

It quoted Abiy as saying: "We are proud as a nation."

Challenges Ahead for Abiy

Since taking office in April 2018 after the resignation of Hailemariam Desalegn following three years of street unrest, Abiy has announced a series of reforms that hold the promise of fundamentally changing the country of some 100 million people.


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From partial liberalisation of the state-controlled economy to overhauling the security forces that have helped the ruling coalition maintain a tight grip on power since 1991, the promises have raised hopes in the country and abroad.

Abiy's landmark achievement to date is securing peace with neighbouring Eritrea.

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What remains to be seen is whether Abiy - who joined the Ethiopian army in his teens and rose through the ruling EPRDF coalition over the past two decades - can reshape Ethiopia and open it up to the world from within the current system.

He faces challenges including resistance to change from vested interests within his coalition, and the possibility that violence, including in June when a rogue state militia leader killed the region's state president and other top level officials, could escalate.

He also faces high expectations from young Ethiopians who want jobs, development, and opportunities.

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The will be presented in Oslo on Dec. 10, the anniversary of the death of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, who founded the awards in his 1895 will.

First Published: Fri, October 11 2019. 15:01 IST
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