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IMF data shows pandemic will push China GDP growth well beyond US

The IMF estimates China will grow by 8.2% next year, down a full percentage point from the IMF's April estimate but strong enough to account for more than one-quarter of global growth

Topics
IMF | China | US

Alex Tanzi & Wei Lu | Bloomberg 

A live broadcast of Chinese President Xi Jinping delivering a speech in Shenzhen on October 14, 2020. (Photo: Bloomberg.)
A live broadcast of Chinese President Xi Jinping delivering a speech in Shenzhen on October 14, 2020. (Photo: Bloomberg)

The Covid-19 pandemic will produce lasting shifts to global growth, pushing even more to the forefront.

The proportion of worldwide growth coming from is expected to increase from 26.8% in 2021 to 27.7% in 2025, according to Bloomberg calculations using Monetary Fund data.

That’s more than 15 and 17 percentage points, respectively, higher than the share of expected global output. India, Germany and Indonesia round out the top five largest growth engines, next year.

The fund now forecasts world gross domestic product to shrink 4.4% this year, an improvement from the 4.9% drop seen in June, according to the latest World Economic Outlook released this week. Next year, the sees growth of 5.2%.

The estimates will grow by 8.2% next year, down a full percentage point from the IMF’s April estimate but strong enough to account for more than one-quarter of global growth. The is expected to rally to a 3.1% increase which will account for 11.6% of global growth in 2021 in purchasing power parity terms.

By 2025, the cumulative loss in output relative to the pre-pandemic projected path is projected to grow to $28 trillion.

Graph

“While the global is coming back, the ascent will likely be long, uneven, and uncertain,” Gita Gopinath, IMF’s director of research, wrote in the report.

The five nations with the highest Covid-19 death counts -- US, Brazil, India, Mexico and UK -- are forecast to suffer a total GDP decline of nearly $1.8 trillion in nominal terms and $2.1 trillion after having been adjusted for differences in purchasing power.

Living Standards

Extreme poverty is set to rise for the first time in more than two decades, and persistent output losses imply a major setback to living standards versus the pre-pandemic days, the said.


Graph

“The poor are getting poorer with close to 90 million people expected to fall into extreme deprivation this year,” said Gopinath.

In January, before the coronavirus began spreading widely, the IMF estimated 3.3% global growth this year and 3.4% in 2021.

Russia, the ninth largest contributor of total growth in 2021, is poised to move up to fifth in five years as Germany’s economic growth slows.

After the rebound in 2021, global growth is expected to gradually slow to about 3.5% in the medium term, according to the report.

Except for China, where output is expected to exceed 2019 levels this year, output in both advanced economies and emerging market and developing economies is projected to remain below 2019 levels even next year.

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First Published: Thu, October 15 2020. 20:30 IST
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