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Pakistan increased its benchmark interest rate by 100 basis points, to the highest in more than 24 years, as the economy grapples with raging inflation, supply shortages, dwindling currency reserves and stalled foreign financing.
State Bank of Pakistan raised the target rate to 17%, a move expected by 25 of 43 economists in a Bloomberg survey. The majority of the economists had forecast a hike ranging from 75-200 basis points, while four predicted a hold.
“The inflation pressure persists and on this basis the MPC emphasized to control inflationary pressures,” the central bank governor Jameel Ahmad said in a press conference Monday.
The embattled South Asian nation is reeling from the aftermath of a catastrophic flooding last year that amplified the impact of political turmoil and financial crunch. With foreign currency reserves at a nine-year low and funding including from that of the International Monetary Fund held up, Pakistan was forced to restrict import payments.
As a result, about 6,000 containers of food items, raw materials and medical equipment are stranded in ports, aggravating inflation that has lingered above 20% since June. Prices of chicken, eggs and flour in the country continue to rise even as global commodity costs have moderated.
As the government curtailed overseas purchases, local banks have been refusing to issue letters of credit, leading to a standstill that puts businesses at risk of shutting down.
Inflation may accelerate to 26.6% this month due to supply disruptions, according to Fahad Rauf, head of research at Ismail Iqbal Securities Pvt. That would put price gains near a four-decade high of 27.25% seen in August, higher than central bank’s inflation forecast of 21%-23% that was revised upwards in November. SBP raised the target rate by a total of 625 basis points in 2022.
Pakistan’s FX reserves were at $4.6 billion as of Jan. 13, equivalent to less than a month worth of imports. The central bank chief said last week that the nation will see dollar inflows from the Middle East in the coming days, an assurance that other officials have made in the past months but the money has yet to materialize.
A further increase in energy prices loom as part of the IMF conditions for the loan. A widespread power outage on Monday after a grid failure is the latest blow to the Pakistan.
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First Published: Mon, January 23 2023. 17:27 IST