Men with prostate cancer can take control of their disease and moderate its aggressiveness through diet and lifestyle choices, a study has suggested.
Researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center (JCCC) have published the first study on adherence to eight World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) lifestyle recommendations and aggressive prostate cancer that shows a significantly decreased risk of highly aggressive prostate cancer associated with closer adherence to the recommendations.
Study subjects were 2212 African American or Caucasian American men 40 to 70 years old with newly diagnosed prostate cancer.
Adherence to fewer than four of the eight WCRF recommendations predicted a 38 percent increased risk of aggressive tumours compared with adherence to four or more recommendations.
It was found that eating less than 500 grams of red meat per week or less than 125 total kilocalories per 100 grams of food per day were statistically significantly protective against highly aggressive tumours for all subjects in the study.
The study was published online in the Nutrition and Cancer journal.