In Angul, OdishaJindal Steel & Power (JSPL) announced that the company's 1.80 MTPA DRI (direct reduced iron) plant based on Coal Gasification process has resumed operations in Odisha's Angul district. The plant was set up by JSPL to ensure the availability of chemical and thermal energy required to produce DRI at an affordable price to reduce the environmental impact of coal in the long run.
The Coal gasification process (CGP) converts high-ash grade coal into Synthesis Gas or Syngas. It is the first plant of its kind in the world where Syngas is used in making DRI. The Syngas has replaced the costlier Natural Gas being used by other DRI manufacturers across the globe. The Syngas is used as a reductant in converting Iron ore/ Iron Pellets into DRI /Sponge iron.
JSPL has made thousands of crores of investments to build the Direct Reduced Iron plant and Coal gasification plant. The Syngas produced from Swadeshi coal gasification contains Methane, Carbon Monoxide, Hydrogen and other Such useful gases, in a particular ratio, which are requ ired to produce DRI from Iron Ore/pellets. This gasification process has a lesser impact on the environment as compared to the coal combustion process. The Gasification process also produces value-added by-products like gasification oil, Tar, ammonia, phenol, Naptha and high purity sulphur etc. from Syngas which are used by downstream chemical plants.
The DR! plant was not operational for Jong due to the scarcity of coal. Now Coal India and Mahanadi coalfields has started selling coal in adequate qua ntity, therefore gasification & ORI operations are resumed.
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