The study also showed that RLD is associated with albuminuria -- a condition where urinary albumin levels are elevated. This may be an indication that lung disease and kidney disease may be associated with nephropathy -- diabetic kidney disease.
For the study, published in the journal Respiration, the team analysed data from 110 patients with long-term Type-2 diabetes, 29 patients with newly diagnosed Type-2 diabetes, 68 patients with pre-diabetes and 48 non-diabetic patients, who were the controls.
The participants were examined for metabolic control, diabetes-related complications, breathlessness and lung function.
The results showed that RLD was found in 27 per cent of patients with long-term Type-2 diabetes, 20 per cent in patients with newly diagnosed diabetes, and nine per cent in patients with pre-diabetes.
Further, patients with pronounced symptoms and RLD also showed CT-morphologically, a fibrosating interstitial lung disease.
Diabetics also had increased pulmonary fibrosis -- a condition where the air sac in the lung becomes stiff and scarred.
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