Business Standard

Why's Buddha frowning

Would it have been so simple for Russia to crush Ukraine if it hadn't given up its nuclear stockpile in 1994? India was prescient to declare itself a nuclear-armed state


Shekhar Gupta
Strategic studies quiz: Why was the code to inform Indira Gandhi of the successful Pokhran-1 nuclear test “Buddha is smiling”? While you think about it, let’s switch to Ukraine.

By the time you read this, Kyiv will have capitulated. The question that’s been asked often in the past few days, and will continue to echo for decades to come, is: Would it have been so simple for Vladimir Putin’s Russia to crush Zelenskyy’s Ukraine if it hadn’t given up its nuclear stockpile after the Budapest accord in 1994?

This was done in return for security guarantees by the US, Europe, and Russia.
Disclaimer: These are personal views of the writer. They do not necessarily reflect the opinion of or the Business Standard newspaper

Don't miss the most important news and views of the day. Get them on our Telegram channel

First Published: Feb 26 2022 | 9:30 AM IST

Explore News

To read the full story, subscribe to BS Premium now, at just Rs 249/ month.

Key stories on are available only to BS Premium subscribers.

Register to