Global warming has never stopped in the past hundred years, with maximum rate of change occurring after Second World War II, according to a study.
"Our study suggests that future climate conditions will likely rely on competition between multidecadal cooling and global warming if the multidecadal climate cycle repeats," said Xingang Dai from the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Global warming has been attributed to persistent increases in atmospheric greenhouse gasses (GHGs), especially in CO2, since 1870, the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, according to the study published in the journal Scientific Reports.
The upward trend in global mean surface temperature (GMST) slowed or even paused during the first decade of the twenty-first century, even though CO2 levels continued to rise and reached nearly 400 parts per million (ppm) in 2013.
This episode has typically been termed the global warming hiatus or slowdown in warming.
The hiatus is characterised as a near-zero trend over a period.
Detection found that the hiatus appeared during 2001-2013/2002-2012 with extremely weak inter-annual variability in some GMST sequences, and the slowdown in the others, researchers said.
The hiatus is often attributed to internal climate variability, external forcing, or both, involving an increase in aerosols in the stratosphere during the period 2000-2010, they said.
The phase saw Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) accompanying intensified trade winds, extensive heat uptake by the deep ocean or an extremely low number of sunspots during the latest solar activity cycle.
The new study reveals that the global warming has never stopped in the past hundred years, with maximum rate of change after Second World War II and almost constant rate during the latest three decades.
However, the key cooling against global warming comes from the interannual variability of the temperature that is coincided with the variability of the sea surface temperature in the equatorial mid-eastern Pacific.
Hence, the hiatus is merely a decadal balance between global warming and the cooling resulting from anomalous sea surface temperature in equatorial Pacific.
The hiatus ended in 2014 as a new El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) event was developing in the equatorial mid-eastern Pacific which caused a rapid warming in the Earth, researchers said.
On the other hand, the multidecadal climate oscillation follows a downward path with increase in cooling, they said.
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