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New method uses sunlight to purify water

Press Trust of India  |  Berlin 

Scientists have developed a simple process that can remove persistent pollutants in using mere sunlight under the most basic conditions.

The researchers from (MLU) in rely on electrons moving freely in water, called hydrated electrons, to degrade dissolved pollutants.

"These electrons are extremely reactive and can be used for a plethora of reactions. They break down even the most recalcitrant pollutants," said Martin Goez, a at MLU.

For this to work, however, the electrons have to be released from the molecular compounds in which they are usually tightly bound. Until now, generating those electrons has required complex and expensive high-power

Researchers introduced a new approach which only required a green light-emitting diode as the sole Vitamin C and traces of a as the catalyst were used to bring about the desired reaction.

However, the catalyst had to be enclosed in tiny containers known as micelles. This reduced the reaction's efficiency, and the micelle molecules themselves were only partially biodegradable.

The group therefore looked for a way to avoid these additives. Ultimately, they found the answer in a highly charged anionic catalyst based on a ruthenium-

By combining this with urate (a salt of uric acid), the researchers were able to effect the desired reaction in without the need of micelles by exploiting the Coulombic repulsions.

Further investigations have revealed that the new process is not only a very efficient way to produce hydrated electrons but also has a wide range of applications.

"Our new approach is so simple that it doesn't even need to take place in a lab," said Goez.

The researchers conducted a field trial in a meadow and tested their new approach in contaminated with chloroacetic acid.

The pollutants were eliminated in a small sample of water even when there was only a moderate amount of sunshine. Follow-up studies will examine whether the method developed by the chemists in Halle can also be used for large-scale removal of pollutants.

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Tue, November 27 2018. 14:10 IST