The resurgence of "nativism and protectionism" in the West is a disturbing phenomenon and there is a need for thinking afresh while building goodwill and peace among nations, former prime minister Manmohan Singh said today.
Singh, while addressing the gathering at the the launch of former Union minister S Jaipal Reddy's book 'Ten Ideologies: The Great Asymmetry between Agrarianism and Industrialism' here, noted that during the course of the last three centuries, the industrial revolution had become a "full blown global phenomenon".
"I am happy to note that Shri Jaipal Reddy is trying to build a new approach to meet the current crisis in the world, this is what we should focus on. The resurgence of nativism and protectionism in the West are disturbing phenomenons. Old and tried approaches may not suffice," Singh said.
"We should not hesitate to think afresh. While doing so, the paramount need is to build goodwill and peace among nations," he said.
"When the instruments of destruction are developing at a lightning pace, the human mind cannot remain stagnant and get stuck in...yesterday's passions and prejudices.
"The mind must keep abreast of the machine, otherwise humanity is likely to fall into this yawning abyss and convert the blessings of the recent industrial progress into a curse," he said.
A host of leaders from various political parties, including H D Deve Gowda, former vice president Hamid Ansari, CPI(M) General Secretary Sitaram Yechury, Sharad Yadav, former Delhi chief minister Sheila Dikshit, were present at the event.
Speaking on the launch of the book, Reddy said, "I am bothered about the increasing ignorance of ideologies and the de-intellectusalisation of politics. People are passing through an 'anti-intellectual mood' and there is a disappearance of ideological debates in the current political discourse."
"I have been deeply disturbed in recent decades by the fact that ideological debates or intellectual discussions are no longer in fashion. I have, therefore, undertaken this plain presentation of rekindling intellectual interest in political processes," he said.
In the book, Reddy discusses 10 major ideologies that shaped the world -- nationalism, democracy, liberalism, capitalism, evolutionary socialism, revolutionary socialism, feminism, environmentalism, nuclear pacifism and globalism.
In 2004, he was re-elected to the 14th Lok Sabha and served as Union minister for Information and Broadcasting and Union minister for Urban Development in the United Progressive Alliance-1 government.
In 2009, he was re-elected to the 15th Lok Sabha and was Union minister for Urban Development and Union minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas.
He also served as minister in the ministries of Earth Sciences and Science and Technology from October 2012 to May 2014.
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