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India's gasoline, diesel demand rise to record highs in May


(Reuters) - India's domestic sales for diesel and rose to record highs in May, pushing the country's overall fuel consumption for the month higher year-on-year, data from the Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC) of the showed on Saturday.

Fuel consumption, a proxy for oil demand, totalled 18.72 million tonnes last month, during which diesel sales soared to 7.55 million tonnes and consumption climbed to 2.46 million tonnes - the highest monthly sales figures in PPAC data going back to April 1998.

India, the world's third-largest oil consumer, used 35.2 million tonnes of diesel during January to May this year, up 6 percent from the corresponding period last year.

The country's monthly diesel sales have averaged 7.05 million tonnes in 2018, compared with a monthly average consumption of 6.6 million tonnes last year.

Sales of gasoline, or petrol, rose 7.6 percent in May from April and are up 2 percent from the same month last year. Monthly demand for petrol has averaged 2.27 million tonnes this year, up 7 percent from the 2017 average of 2.12 million tonnes.

Diesel consumption growth during the calendar year of 2018 may be more than double from last year, analysts and traders told Reuters, aided by an expected regular monsoon that should boost demand for diesel used in harvesting, while the government targets massive infrastructure spending.

More than half of India's population is employed in the farm sector, which depends on diesel to fuel the pumps for land irrigation.

Higher domestic consumption in India, however, may cap the country's capacity to export diesel.

India's diesel exports during March to April this year were 3.79 million tonnes, down 22 percent from 4.87 million tonnes of the industrial fuel exported during the same time last year.

Last month, petrol and diesel pump prices in surged to record highs, raising pressure on to find a solution to provide relief to consumers without taking a hit on its finances.

The recent rise in global crude prices was largely behind the surge in domestic prices, but fuel is also heavily taxed by India's state and federal authorities, accounting for about half the cost of petrol and 40 percent of the diesel price.

DOMESTIC SALES (in million tonnes):

2018 2018 2018 2018 2017 2017 2017 2017


Diesel 7.55 7.16 7.35 6.54 7.53 6.97 6.80 6.16

Petrol 2.46 2.28 2.40 2.09 2.41 2.09 2.11 1.90

LPG 2.05 1.87 2.06 1.95 1.79 1.66 1.89 1.80

Naphtha 1.04 1.06 1.13 0.96 1.01 1.00 1.10 1.07

Jet fuel 0.70 0.70 0.69 0.63 0.63 0.61 0.62 0.58

Kerosene 0.28 0.31 0.28 0.31 0.35 0.33 0.41 0.37

Fuel Oil 0.54 0.55 0.59 0.53 0.63 0.60 0.56 0.53

Bitumen 0.71 0.67 0.76 0.63 0.69 0.57 0.72 0.57

TOTAL 18.72 17.68 18.62 16.74 18.11 16.92 17.37 15.54

* Total figures may not tally because not all items are included in the table and numbers are rounded off. The numbers for previous months have been revised.

(Reporting by and in Bengaluru; Editing by Christian Schmollinger)

(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Mon, June 11 2018. 16:20 IST