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U.S. reimposes tough curbs on Iran, Tehran hits at 'bullying'


By Lesley and Hafezi

WASHINGTON/DUBAI (Reuters) - The imposed strict sanctions targeting Iran's oil, and industrial sectors on Monday and threatened more action to stop from pursuing "outlaw" policies, steps the Islamic Republic condemned as economic warfare and vowed to defy.

The measures are part of a wider effort by U.S. to curb Tehran's missile and nuclear programs and diminish the Islamic Republic's influence in the Middle East, notably its support for proxies in Syria, and

"The Iranian regime has a choice: it can either do a 180-degree turn from its outlaw course of action and act like a normal country, or it can see its economy crumble," U.S. of State told reporters.

"We hope a new agreement with is possible," he added. "Rest assured, will never come close to getting a nuclear weapon on Trump's watch." Pompeo said.

The move restores, and strengthens, sanctions lifted under a 2015 international agreement on Iran's nuclear program from which withdrew in May at Trump's behest.

In a statement, said the move "should make clear to the Iranian regime that they will face mounting financial isolation and economic stagnation until they fundamentally change their destabilizing behavior."

The sanctions target Iran's vital industry, although major customers such as and were given temporary exemptions. They also cover 50 Iranian banks and subsidiaries, more than 200 persons and vessels in its shipping sector, Tehran's national airline, Air, and more than 65 of its aircraft, the Treasury statement said.

In reaction, a senior Iranian who declined to be identified said was not concerned about the sanctions and will not yield to pressure to change its policies.


Hours earlier, Iranian said Iran would to continue to sell its despite Washington's "economic war." said U.S. "bullying" was backfiring by making more isolated, a reference to other world powers opposed to the initiative.

European powers that continue to back the nuclear deal said they opposed the reapplication of sanctions and major buyer said it regretted the move.

The sanctions move intensifies a campaign by Trump to force Iran to further limit its nuclear work and halt a missile program, as well as end its support for proxy forces in Yemen, Syria, and other parts of the

Trump's national security adviser, John Bolton, said in an interview with that more sanctions would be coming but he gave no details.

Howard Mendelsohn, a former acting assistant for intelligence and analysis, said the sanctions sent a tough message that anyone dealing with Iran will face consequences even if a company or individual is not sanctioned.

"This looks very disruptive," said Mendelsohn, chief client for Kharon, a sanctions data and analytics firm. "It looks like a very serious, very comprehensive action targeting major sectors that are critical for Iranian economic viability."

said it was holding talks with the and Iran about launching a humanitarian payment channel to help and drugs keep flowing to

U.S. sanctions permit trade in humanitarian goods such as and pharmaceuticals, but measures imposed on banks and trade restrictions could make such items more expensive.

Pompeo said granted exceptions to eight importers allowing them to temporarily keep buying Iranian oil. More than 20 nations had already cut their from Iran, reducing purchases by more than 1 million barrels per day, he said.

Iran's clerical rulers dismissed the curbs. "Today the enemy (the United States) is targeting our economy ... the main target of sanctions is our people," Rouhani said.


"wanted to cut to zero Iran's ... but we will continue to sell our oil ... to break sanctions," Rouhani told economists, adding the sanctions were illegal and unfair.

"This is an economic war against Iran ... We are prepared to resist any pressure," Rouhani said.

The Belgium-based SWIFT financial messaging service said it is suspending some unspecified Iranian banks' access to its messaging system in the interests of the stability and integrity of the global financial system.

Trump announced in May from what he called the "worst ever" agreement negotiated by the The other parties to the deal - Britain, France, Germany, and - say they will not leave.

The deal had seen most international financial and economic sanctions on Iran lifted in return for Tehran curbing its disputed nuclear activity under U.N. surveillance.

The European Union, France, and Britain said they regretted the U.S. decision and would seek to protect European companies doing legitimate business with Tehran.

Diplomats told last month that a new EU mechanism to facilitate payments for Iranian should be legally in place by Nov. 4 but not operational until early next year.

The eight importers given temporary exceptions from the sanctions to ensure are not destabilised will

deposit Iran's revenue in an escrow account and the funds will be used for humanitarian purposes, according to U.S. officials.

rose as the sanctions went into effect, with international benchmark Brent crude up by more than $1 to a session high of $73.92 a barrel. U.S. crude futures were up about one percent at $63.85 a barrel.

Prices rallied to near four-year highs in early October on expectations the imposition of sanctions would create a global supply shortage. However, of the waivers last week sent prices lower as top buyers would continue to import Iranian oil.

Rouhani said even without the waivers Iran would still be able to sell its oil, semi-agency reported.

The curbs come as the United States is focused on U.S. congressional and gubernatorial elections on Tuesday. Campaigning in Chattanooga, Tennessee, on Sunday, Trump said his "maximum pressure" against Iran was working.

"Iran is a much different country than it was when I took office," he said.

"They wanted to take over the whole Right now they just want to survive."

To keep the deal alive, the remaining parties to the Iran accord are trying to maintain trade with Tehran, despite scepticism that this is possible.


Iran's nuclear programme

Iran's crude exports 1975-2018

Iran's crude exports, production

(Editing by Jon Boyle, and Bill Trott)

(Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

First Published: Mon, November 05 2018. 22:33 IST