The first back-to-back monthly losses since 2015 for India’s bonds are giving bulls fresh reason to add to their positions in what’s one of the world's fastest-growing major economies.
Aberdeen Standard Investments says it's "thrilled" to see a pullback in Indian asset prices that provides good value, while Pacific Investment Management Co, which had been reducing its holdings in the country’s debt, is looking to add back. Morgan Stanley Investment Management says it favours rupee bonds, though prefers to hedge its currency exposure.
Concerns over a pickup in inflation and potential increase in public spending that could widen the budget deficit drove the benchmark 10-year yield up 14 basis points last month, the most since April, after it rose six basis points in August. The currency's total return, including interest income, is the biggest in Asia this past year at 8.8 per cent, while the 10-year yield is the highest among major regional markets at 6.7 per cent. “The excuses given for the selloff are just noise,” Donald Amstad, the Singapore-based director at Aberdeen Standard, said in an interview before the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI’s) monetary policy decision on Wednesday. “In fact, we are taking the selloff as an opportunity to further add to positions.”
Aberdeen Standard views India as a “turnaround” story, with a strong reform agenda under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Amstad said. Indian bonds could prove to be more resilient in times of financial stress and volatility in global markets since the level of foreign ownership of the securities is very low compared with other emerging markets such as Malaysia and Indonesia, he said. That’s by design: regulators have caps on overseas holdings.
Pimco too is looking to re-enter. A further deterioration in Asian markets will prompt the US firm to add to holdings in the currencies and bonds of not just India but also those of Indonesia, Roland Mieth, a Singapore-based fund manager for emerging markets, said in an interview.
The asset manager was reducing its overweight positions in the two countries prior to the selloff in September as market prices had run up, Mieth said. Current-account balances have improved in both countries, and foreign-exchange reserves are at multi-year highs, which give their central banks ammunition to curb extreme market volatility, he said.
“Weak price action versus fundamentals tends to be a good mix for people that have created dry powder throughout the year to potentially look for places to add to that risk,” Mieth said.
Morgan Stanley Investment has a “constructive view” on local-currency bonds in India as a potential high-yielding opportunity with a low beta to global market moves, according to Armando Rosselli, an analyst at the firm's fixed-income team. The company would still consider “opportunistically” hedging the currency on the expectations that portfolio inflows will slow, he said. RBI has been raising the ceiling for foreign ownership in rupee bonds in a staggered manner, opening the door for more money. Limits for investment by so-called FPIs in sovereign securities have been increased by Rs 8,000 crore ($1.2 billion) for the October-December period.
Foreign funds boosted Indian debt holdings by Rs 1,150 crore on October 4, according to NSDL data.
The optimism around Modi's economic policies and prospects of improving company profits are proving hard to resist. Foreign investors have bought a net of about $20 billion of all Indian debt this year through September, the most after South Korea in emerging Asia where exchange data are available.
“The turnaround in the last couple of years is quite extraordinary, led by Prime Minister Modi and what we think is a very successful and strong reform agenda,” Aberdeen's Amstad said in an interview in Dubai. “There is no better story on the planet today in global fixed-income markets.”