He said the MPs should raise the matter as Parliament could be adjourned sine die after passing the bill.
In a tele-conference with the MPs, Naidu asked them to step up the fight in Parliament for the state's rights and echo the aspirations of the people.
"Parliament may be adjourned sine die in the next couple of days after the Finance Bill is hurriedly passed. So, you should raise all our issues and discuss them on the floor of the House," Naidu said.
The Centre, by "failing" to respond to the state's concerns, was causing deep anguish among the people, the Chief Minister said.
"How can he deny an appointment to friendly MPs and grant an audience to the opposition (YSRC) MP? Who is he (Goyal) insulting? Does he insult the state," Naidu asked angrily.
"You should tell the national media that we are not raising any undue demands and that we are only seeking the implementation of the (AP Reorganisation) Act," the TDP chief told his MPs.
Guntur MP Jayadev Galla informed Naidu that he had prepared some amendments to the Finance Bill (to be presented to Parliament) on the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) limit, special category status, industrial incentives and a loss of Rs 3,800 crore in tax revenues.
The Andhra Pradesh Assembly had yesterday passed a resolution taking strong exception to the Centre's "careless attitude" in implementing the provisions of the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.
The resolution, moved by Naidu, was passed after an over four-hour long debate on the issue.