The report, from the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) and the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII), highlights significant changes in the media and entertainment (M&E) sector.
"This is an unparalleled situation, even for an industry that has always been at the forefront of disruption. The industry will now need new answers, and will need these fast, even on the most fundamental things like talent pool to run our companies and methodology for measuring the impact we are delivering to advertisers on our platforms," said Sudhanshu Vats, chairman of CII's committee on M&E. Vats is also group chief executive at Viacom18 Media.
The report points to multimodal growth across all major media, unlike any of the other key markets. At 4.6 hours of consumption per capita per day, India is behind China (6.4 hours) and US (11.8 hours), suggesting room for growth. Unlike in developed countries, this growth in India has been additive, not by cannibalising traditional media. Hence, traditional and new-age platforms of content distribution can co-exist, according to the report.
“We have significant under-penetration of non-digital media. More than 95 per cent of TV households in India are single-screen. Hence, TV consumption happens in a family viewing setting. Literacy levels constrain print penetration and screen density is much lower than in China and the US. At the same time, there is a digital explosion. The number of broadband users has become two-fold (480 million across mobile and fixed) and the data consumption has become 10-fold (10 GB per user per month) over the past two to three years,” the report said.
Kanchan Samtani, partner at BCG India, said: "India is one of the few countries where we are witnessing most mediums growing hand in hand and we see this continuing in the future. For example, video consumption on OTT (direct streaming over-the-internet) is supplementing linear TV, versus cannibalising it."
"The industry has to rewrite many definitions and conventions on almost a daily basis. While the erstwhile fixed prime time for TV for family in the evening remains, many new personal viewing occasions have come via OTT screen consumption," said Karishma Bhalla, another partner at BCG India.
While digital enjoys 18 per cent share of total video consumption in the country, its share of video advertising revenue is 8 per cent. In China, Britain and US, the share of digital in consumption and ad revenues is at par. In China, digital has 22 per cent of total video consumption and 20 per cent of total ad revenues on video; in Britain, it is respectively 28 per cent and 27 per cent. The US is closer to India, in that 28 per cent of total video consumption comes on digital but only 17 per cent of ad revenue goes to the medium.
“This is one reason why monetisation of digital media has been a challenge and dollars have moved slower than eyeballs. What marketers really want is a converged offer that is anchored cross platforms and brings in sharper targeting, as well as ideation and storytelling. The media house of the future will need to create this converged offer bringing in personas, higher attribution and weaving in of narratives and content native to the platform across advertising,” the report said.