1 in 6 elementary school teachers not professionally trained in India

Teacher training is imperative for improving learning outcomes in Indian classrooms

321 foundation

321 foundation is focused on working with teachers in schools to help them teach better

Protiva Kundu | IndiaSpend
With nearly one in six elementary school teachers not professionally trained, India must improve its spending on teacher training--just 2% of the 2018-19 budget allocated for Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan (‘holistic education programme’) was spent on teachers’ training institutes.
The projected budget allocation for the programme for 2019-20 is estimated to be Rs 34,489 crore, an increase of 10.5% from the 2018-19 budget estimate, according to a medium-term expenditure projection statement presented to parliament in August 2018.
Launched in 2018 by combining Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (‘education for all’), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (‘national middle education mission’) and teachers’ education programmes, Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan aims to provide support for both pre-service and in-service teacher training.
Teacher training

First Published: Jan 31 2019 | 07:39 AM IST

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